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Repeated abuse of stimulant drugs, cocaine and amphetamine, is associated with extraneuronal dopamine accumulation in specific brain areas. Dopamine may be cytotoxic through the generation of reactive oxygen species, namely hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), resulting from dopamine oxidative metabolism. In this work, we studied the cytotoxicity in PC12 cells (a(More)
Cell death and reactive oxygen species production have been suggested to be involved in neurodegeneration induced by the drugs of abuse. In this study we analyze the toxicity of the following drugs of abuse: heroin, morphine, d-amphetamine, and cocaine in undifferentiated PC12 cells, used as dopaminergic neuronal models. Our data show that opioid drugs(More)
Electrical stimulation-induced depolarization releases both dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA) from sympathetic neurones of the human gastric and uterine arteries. The overflow of catecholamines elicited by electrical stimulation was measured by using high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. The addition of yohimbine (0.01-10(More)
In spite of recent theories about the aetiopathogenesis of migraine, serotonin continues to play a central role, explaining the efficacy of almost all migraine prophylactic drugs. In migraineurs with and without aura we measured (by HPLC-EC) the serum serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels between as well as during headache attacks.(More)
This work evaluated in a population of heroin and heroin plus cocaine human addicts: 1. Norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (Epi) and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) (the principal metabolite of brain NE) plasma levels; 2. Monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity; and 3. 3H-imipramine specific binding to the amine carrier in platelets. NE plasma levels were(More)
The adrenergic system has long been known to be activated in a situation of stress and thus during opiate withdrawal. A method for detoxification that decreases the stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system will prevent changes of catecholamine levels. Some of such methods have been developed. One of them uses direct transition from heroin to oral(More)
Plasma or platelet serotonin concentration is commonly used to provide information about the serotonergic activity in various psychiatric or neurological diseases. Some difficulties have been described in the measurement of serotonin (5-HT) levels in plasma or platelets. We describe an isocratic liquid-chromatographic assay with amperometric detection for(More)
New Zealand White rabbits fed a low-level cholesterol-enriched diet (0.1%) were used to study and characterize a possible model of experimental atherogenesis. For the determination of the degree of atherosclerosis, more consistent and reproducible morphometric methods were used. Simultaneously the influence of plasma cholesterol levels on vascular(More)
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