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BACKGROUND Sunitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) inducing thyroid dysfunction, but the precise mechanism(s) involved remains to be explained, including the role of thyroid autoimmunity. The objective of this study was to evaluate thyroid function, parameters of autoimmunity, and thyroid ultrasound findings in patients with metastatic cancer and(More)
Although the subjective nature of quality of life is generally accepted, less attention has been paid to the procedure of selecting domains to be explored with questionnaires. To explore what contributes to cancer patients' quality of life, a survey was conducted with the aim of identifying contents of quality of life using cancer patients as 'experts'. A(More)
BACKGROUND Over the last decade several papers have dealt with the possible interference of allergies in both the infectious disease incidence and tumour development. In the light of all these observations we analysed several tumour patients for a possible interaction between a state of allergy and tumour development and progression after primary cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Complete surgical resection of gastric cancer is potentially curative, but long-term survival is poor. METHODS Patients with histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the stomach of stages IB, II, IIIA and B, or IV (T4N2M0) and treated with potentially curative surgery were randomly assigned to follow-up alone or to intravenous treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND Prognostic factors in patients who are diagnosed with T4 breast carcinomas are widely awaited. We here evaluated the clinical role of some molecular alterations involved in tumorigenesis in a well-characterized cohort of T4 breast cancer patients with a long follow-up period. METHODS A consecutive series of 53 patients with T4 breast carcinoma(More)
BACKGROUND Anthracycline-containing regimens have demonstrated significant disease-free and overall survival benefits in the adjuvant setting and also provide palliative benefit in metastatic disease. . Over the past two decades, an increasing proportion of patients have been exposed to adjuvant anthracyclines with concomitant reduction in their use for(More)
We investigated 17 polymorphisms in 11 genes (TS, MTHFR, ERCC1, XRCC1, XRCC3, XPD, GSTT1, GSTP1, GSTM1, ABCC1, ABCC2) for their association with the toxicity of fluoropyrimidines and oxaliplatin in colorectal cancer patients enrolled in a prospective randomized trial of adjuvant chemotherapy. The TOSCA Italian adjuvant trial was conducted in high-risk stage(More)
It is believed that the insulin-like growth factor receptor type 1 (IGF-1R) signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in cancer growth, progression, and resistance to anticancer therapies. Strategies are being developed to block IGF-1R as an anticancer treatment. We reviewed several potential strategies for disrupting the IGF axis. We also reviewed the effects(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) constitutes a poor-prognosis disease with few and disappointing therapeutic options. In recent years chemotherapy has demonstrated a positive effect on disease-related symptoms with the introduction of a novel pyrimidine analogue, gemcitabine. Moreover there is experimental and clinical evidence that endocrine(More)
Role of KRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA mutations in pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been recently investigated worldwide. In this population-based study, we evaluated the incidence rates and distribution of such somatic mutations in genetically isolated population from Sardinia. From April 2009 to July 2011, formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues (N =(More)