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A number of clinical and aetiological studies have been performed, during the last 30 years, on patients with abnormal nocturnal motor and behavioural phenomena. The aetiological conclusions of these studies were often conflicting, suggesting either an epileptic or a non-epileptic origin. Among the clinical characteristics of these patients, the familial(More)
In this study, we used deletions at 22q13, which represent a substantial source of human pathology (Phelan/McDermid syndrome), as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of terminal deletions that are currently poorly understood. We characterized at the molecular level the genomic rearrangement in 44 unrelated patients with 22q13 monosomy(More)
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disorder characterized by an irresistible desire to move the extremities associated with paraesthesia/dysaesthesia. These symptoms occur predominantly at rest and worsen at night, resulting in nocturnal insomnia and chronic sleep deprivation. In this paper, we show significant evidence of linkage to a(More)
Linkage and cytogenetics studies have found the Angelman syndrome (AS) chromosomal region to be of relevance to autism disorder (AD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Autism is considered part of the behavioural phenotype in AS based on formal autism assessments (autism diagnostic interview-revised [ADI-R] and autism diagnostic observation schedule(More)
It has been found that CDKL5 gene mutations are responsible for early-onset epilepsy and drug resistance. We screened a population of 92 patients with classic/atypical Rett syndrome, 17 Angelman/Angelman-like patients and six idiopathic autistic patients for CDKL5 mutations and exon deletions and identified seven novel mutations: six in the Rett subset and(More)
Mental retardation (MR) is displayed by 57% of NF1 patients with microdeletion syndrome as a result of 17q11.2 region haploinsufficiency. We considered the cyclin-dependent kinase 5 regulatory subunit 1 (CDK5R1) and oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein (OMG) genes, mapping in the NF1 microdeleted region, as candidate genes for MR susceptibility. CDK5R1(More)
The aetiology of autism is still largely unknown despite analyses from family and twin studies demonstrating substantial genetic role in the aetiology of the disorder. Data from linkage studies and analyses of chromosomal abnormalities identified 15q11-q13 as a region of particular aetiopathogenesis interest. We screened a set of markers spanning two known(More)
Members of the ligand-gated neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) gene family ( CHRNA4 and CHRNB2, coding for the alpha4 and beta2 subunits, respectively) are involved in autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE). However, ADNFLE is genetically heterogeneous and mutations in CHRNA4 and CHRNB2 account for only a minority of(More)
Small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) are additional, structurally abnormal chromosomes, generally smaller than chromosome 20 of the same metaphase spread. Due to their small size, they are difficult to characterize by conventional cytogenetics alone. In regard to their clinical effects, sSMCs are a heterogeneous group: in particular, sSMCs(More)
The chromosome 15q24 region, containing the CHRNA3/A5/B4 gene cluster, coding for the alpha3, alpha5 and beta4 subunits of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, has been reported to be linked to autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE) in one family. However, nor the gene nor the mutation involved have been identified. We report the(More)