Maria Teresa Araujo Silva

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Previous studies have claimed that weak transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) induces persisting excitability changes in the human motor cortex that can be more pronounced than cortical modulation induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation, but there are no studies that have evaluated the effects of tDCS on working memory. Our aim was to(More)
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive powerful method to modulate brain activity. It can enhance motor learning and working memory in healthy subjects. To investigate the effects of anodal tDCS (1 mA, 20 min) of the dominant and non-dominant primary motor cortex (M1) on hand motor performance in healthy right-handed volunteers,(More)
Previous studies show that cognitive functions are more impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and depression than in nondepressed PD patients. We compared the cognitive effects of two types of antidepressant treatments in PD patients: fluoxetine (20 mg/day) versus repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS, 15 Hz, 110% above motor(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To explore further the role of serotonin (5-HT) in anxiety, the effects of the 5-HT reuptake inhibitor and 5-HT2A receptor antagonist nefazodone (NF) were measured in two human models of anxiety. METHODS Twenty-nine adult healthy volunteers of both sexes underwent conditioning of skin conductance responses (CSCR) to a tone(More)
The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of morphine self-administration on wheel running and wheel running-reinforced lever pressing in rats. The home cage was equipped with a bottle that contained either water, a saccharin-flavored 0.5-mg/ml morphine solution, or saccharin (0.25%). The bottle was available for either 1 or 3 h. The bottle(More)
This study deals with the effects of the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, BRL 46470A, on memory and anxiety, using the elevated T-maze. This method is useful for investigating the effects of anxiolytic drugs on memory, and the relationships between neural subsystems involved in emotionally related behaviors and in processes underlying learning. After the drug was(More)
Studies have suggested a relationship between drug abuse and compulsive behaviors. The present experiments investigated the relationship between schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP) and self-administration (SA) of ethanol and sucrose. SIP served as a model of compulsive behavior, and oral self-administration on a progressive-ratio (PR) schedule of(More)
In the present study Brazilian gamblers from different settings were compared on sociodemographic characteristics, gambling the behavior, and use of drugs. The SOGS was administered to 171 subjects at bingo (BG), video poker (VP), and horse-racing clubs (HR) of São Paulo. BG concentrated most women, VP the youngest and single gamblers, and HR the lowest(More)
In this first study on gambling in Brazil, pathological and non-pathological gamblers were surveyed at three bingo clubs, one video poker club, and one horse-racing club in São Paulo. The South Oaks Gambling Screen and a questionnaire were administered to 171 subjects. When compared to nonpathological gamblers, a significantly higher proportion of(More)
Recent findings indicate that the memory-impairing effects of benzodiazepines may preferentially involve the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala. To test this hypothesis we examined the effects on pretrial injection of diazepam into the central as compared to the lateral/basolateral amygdaloid nuclei on memory for a conditioned avoidance response. Rats were(More)