Maria Teresa Alvarez-Martinez

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Brucella spp. can establish themselves and cause disease in humans and animals. The mechanisms by which Brucella spp. evade the antibacterial defenses of their host, however, remain largely unknown. We have previously reported that live brucellae failed to induce tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production upon human macrophage infection. This(More)
At high temperature, recombinant hamster prion protein (SHaPrP(90-231)) undergoes aggregation and changes from a predominantly alpha-helical to beta-sheet conformation. We then applied high pressure (200 MPa) to the beta-sheet-rich conformation. The aggregation was reversed, and the original tertiary and secondary structures were recovered at ambient(More)
The native conformation of host-encoded cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is metastable. As a result of a post-translational event, PrP(C) can convert to the scrapie form (PrP(Sc)), which emerges as the essential constituent of infectious prions. Despite thorough research, the mechanism underlying this conformational transition remains unknown. However,(More)
Annexin I belongs to a family of calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding and membrane-binding proteins. Although many of the biochemical properties and the three-dimensional structure of this protein are known, its true physiological roles have yet to be thoroughly defined. Its putative functions include participation in the regulation of actin(More)
We have previously shown that annexin I, a member of a family of calcium-dependent phospholipid and membrane binding proteins, interacts with profilin with high specificity and affinity. This finding further suggests that annexin I is involved through profilin in the regulation of membrane-cytoskeleton organization. We have investigated the consequences of(More)
Our understanding of conformational conversion of proteins in diseases is essential for any diagnostic and therapeutic approach. Although not fully understood, misfolding of the prion protein (PrP) is implicated in the pathogenesis of prion diseases. Despite several efforts to produce the pathologically misfolded conformation in vitro from a recombinant(More)
Overproduction and purification of the prion protein is a major concern for biological or biophysical analysis as are the structural specificities of this protein in relation to infectivity. We have developed a method for the effective cloning, overexpression in Escherichia coli and purification to homogeneity of Syrian golden hamster prion protein(More)
Brucella spp. are facultative intracellular parasites of various mammals, including humans, typically infecting lymphoid as well as reproductive organs. We have investigated how B. suis and B. melitensis enter human monocytes and in which compartment they survive. Peripheral blood monocytes readily internalized nonopsonized brucellae and killed most of them(More)
Brucella strains possess an operon encoding type IV secretion machinery very similar to that coded by the Agrobacterium tumefaciens virB operon. Here we describe cloning of the Brucella suis homologue of the chvE-gguA-gguB operon of A. tumefaciens and characterize the sugar binding protein ChvE (78% identity), which in A. tumefaciens is involved in(More)
High pressure and temperature have been used efficiently to shed light on prion protein structure and folding. These physical parameters induce different conformational states of the prion protein, suggesting that prion structural changes occur within a complex energy landscape. Pressure has been used to prevent and even reverse prion protein aggregation.(More)