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Glutaredoxins are ubiquitous proteins that catalyze the reduction of disulfides via reduced glutathione (GSH). Escherichia coli has three glutaredoxins (Grx1, Grx2, and Grx3), all containing the classic dithiol active site CPYC. We report the cloning, expression, and characterization of a novel monothiol E. coli glutaredoxin, which we name glutaredoxin 4(More)
The structure of the monomeric DNA-binding domain of the Escherichia coli arginine repressor, ArgR, determined by NMR spectroscopy, shows structural homology to the winged helix-turn-helix (wHTH) family, a motif found in a diverse class of proteins including both gene regulators and gene organizers from prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Biochemical data on DNA(More)
The microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTTP) is essential for the assembly of VLDLs. We recently observed that a polymorphism in the MTTP promoter (-493G>T), which is in allelic association with an isoleucine-to-theronine substitution at position 128 (Ile128Thr) in the expressed protein, confers an increased risk of coronary heart disease. Two(More)
Although apparently functionally unrelated, intracellular TRAFs and extracellular meprins share a region with conserved meprin and traf homology, MATH(1). Both TRAFs and meprins require subunit assembly for function. By structural analysis of the sequences, we provide an explanation of how meprins, which form tetramers, and TRAF molecules, which form(More)
The expression of plant shikimate kinase (SK; EC, an intermediate step in the shikimate pathway to aromatic amino acid biosynthesis, is induced under specific conditions of environmental stress and developmental requirements in an isoform-specific manner. Despite their important physiological role, experimental structures of plant SKs have not(More)
Congenital heart block develops in fetuses after placental transfer of Ro/SSA autoantibodies from rheumatic mothers. The condition is often fatal and the majority of live-born children require a pacemaker at an early age. The specific antibody that induces the heart block and the mechanism by which it mediates the pathogenic effect have not been elucidated.(More)
Pirh2 (p53-induced RING-H2 domain protein; also known as Rchy1) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase involved in a negative-feedback loop with p53. Using NMR spectroscopy, we show that Pirh2 is a unique cysteine-rich protein comprising three modular domains. The protein binds nine zinc ions using a variety of zinc coordination schemes, including a RING domain and a(More)
Reversible membrane binding of gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla)-containing coagulation factors requires Ca(2+)-binding to 10-12 Gla residues. Here we describe the solution structure of the Ca(2+)-free Gla-EGF domain pair of factor x which reveals a striking difference between the Ca(2+)-free and Ca(2+)-loaded forms. In the Ca(2+)-free form Gla residues are(More)
The self-assembling MexA-MexB-OprM efflux pump system, encoded by the mexO operon, contributes to facile resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by actively extruding multiple antimicrobials. MexR negatively regulates the mexO operon, comprising two adjacent MexR binding sites, and is as such highly targeted by mutations that confer multidrug resistance (MDR).(More)
Disturbances in fatty acid metabolism are involved in the etiology of insulin resistance and the related dyslipidemia, hypertension, and procoagulant state. The fatty acid transport proteins (FATPs) are implicated in facilitated cellular uptake of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs), thus potentially regulating NEFA concentrations and metabolism. The aim of(More)