Maria Sunnerhagen

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Pirh2 (p53-induced RING-H2 domain protein; also known as Rchy1) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase involved in a negative-feedback loop with p53. Using NMR spectroscopy, we show that Pirh2 is a unique cysteine-rich protein comprising three modular domains. The protein binds nine zinc ions using a variety of zinc coordination schemes, including a RING domain and a(More)
Enhanced understanding of structure-function relationships of human 21-hydroxylase, CYP21, is required to better understand the molecular causes of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. To this end, a structural model of human CYP21 was calculated based on the crystal structure of rabbit CYP2C5. All but two known allelic variants of missense type, a total of 60(More)
Glutaredoxins are ubiquitous proteins that catalyze the reduction of disulfides via reduced glutathione (GSH). Escherichia coli has three glutaredoxins (Grx1, Grx2, and Grx3), all containing the classic dithiol active site CPYC. We report the cloning, expression, and characterization of a novel monothiol E. coli glutaredoxin, which we name glutaredoxin 4(More)
The Myc oncoprotein is a key contributor to the development of many human cancers. As such, understanding its molecular activities and biological functions has been a field of active research since its discovery more than three decades ago. Genome-wide studies have revealed Myc to be a global regulator of gene expression. The identification of its(More)
The structure of the monomeric DNA-binding domain of the Escherichia coli arginine repressor, ArgR, determined by NMR spectroscopy, shows structural homology to the winged helix-turn-helix (wHTH) family, a motif found in a diverse class of proteins including both gene regulators and gene organizers from prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Biochemical data on DNA(More)
Congenital heart block develops in fetuses after placental transfer of Ro/SSA autoantibodies from rheumatic mothers. The condition is often fatal and the majority of live-born children require a pacemaker at an early age. The specific antibody that induces the heart block and the mechanism by which it mediates the pathogenic effect have not been elucidated.(More)
Reversible membrane binding of gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla)-containing coagulation factors requires Ca(2+)-binding to 10-12 Gla residues. Here we describe the solution structure of the Ca(2+)-free Gla-EGF domain pair of factor x which reveals a striking difference between the Ca(2+)-free and Ca(2+)-loaded forms. In the Ca(2+)-free form Gla residues are(More)
The ubiquitous glutaredoxin protein family is present in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and is closely related to the thioredoxins, which reduce their substrates using a dithiol mechanism as part of the cellular defense against oxidative stress. Recently identified monothiol glutaredoxins, which must use a different functional mechanism, appear to be(More)
The structure and hydration of the DNA duplex d-(AGCGTACTAGTACGCT)2 corresponding to the trp operator fragment used in the crystal structure of the half site complex (PDB entry 1TRR) was studied by a 1.4 ns molecular dynamics simulation in water. The simulation, starting from a B-DNA conformation, used a non-bonded cutoff of 1.4 nm with a reaction field(More)
Coagulation factor X is a serine protease containing three noncatalytic domains: an N-terminal gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla)1 domain followed by two epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domains. The isolated N-terminal EGF domain binds Ca2+ with a Kd of 10(-3) M. When linked to the Gla domain, however, its Ca2+ affinity is increased 10-fold. In this paper,(More)