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Membrane depolarization, neurotransmitters, and hormones evoke a release of Ca2+ from intracellular Ca(2+)-storing organelles like the endoplasmic reticulum and, in muscle, the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). In turn, the released Ca2+ serves to trigger a variety of cellular responses. The presence of Ca2+ pumps to replenish intracellular stores was described(More)
The multisubunit (alpha 1s, alpha 2/delta, beta 1, and gamma) skeletal muscle dihydropyridine receptor transduces transverse tubule membrane depolarization into release of Ca2+ from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, and also acts as an L-type Ca2+ channel. The alpha 1s subunit contains the voltage sensor and channel pore, the kinetics of which are modified by the(More)
Exocytosis is commonly viewed as the only secretory process able to account for quantal forms of fast synaptic transmission. However, the demonstrated variability and composite properties of miniature postsynaptic signals are not easily explained by all-or-none exocytotic discharge of transmitter in solution from inside vesicles. Recent studies of endocrine(More)
We investigated the effect of Cl- on the Ca2+ permeability of rabbit skeletal muscle junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) using 45Ca2+ fluxes and single channel recordings. In 45Ca2+ efflux experiments, the lumen of the SR was passively loaded with solutions of 150 mM univalent salt containing 5 mM 45Ca2+. Release of 45Ca2+ was measured by rapid(More)
17Beta-estradiol (E2) is a major neuroregulator, exerting both genomic and non-genomic actions. E2 regulation of Slack (sequence like a calcium-activated potassium channel) potassium channels has not been identified in the CNS. We demonstrate E2-induced activation of Slack channels, which display a unitary conductance of about 60 pS, are inhibited by(More)
The Ca2+ currents, charge movements, and intracellular Ca2+ transients of mouse dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) beta 1-null myotubes expressing a mouse DHPR beta 1 cDNA have been characterized. In beta 1-null myotubes maintained in culture for 10-15 days, the density of the L-type current was approximately 7-fold lower than in normal cells of the same age(More)
L-thyroxine activated the Ca2+ release channel (ryanodine receptor) of skeletal muscle. [3H]ryanodine binding was stimulated by L-thyroxine in a dose dependent manner producing a two-fold increase at 250 microM. The same concentration induced a release of approximately 40% of the 45Ca2+ passively loaded into sarcoplasmic reticulum in 100 msec. Ca2+ release(More)
We purified and characterized ryanotoxin, an approximately 11.4-kDa peptide from the venom of the scorpion Buthotus judiacus that induces changes in ryanodine receptors of rabbit skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum analogous to those induced by the alkaloid ryanodine. Ryanotoxin stimulated Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles and induced a(More)