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Moisture in microcrystalline cellulose may cause stability problems for moisture sensitive drugs. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of crystallinity and surface area on the uptake of moisture in cellulose powders. Powders of varying crystallinity were manufactured, and the uptake of moisture was investigated at different relative(More)
The aim of the present work was to evaluate several methods for analyzing the viability of bacteria after antibacterial photocatalytic treatment. Colony-forming unit (CFU) counting, metabolic activity assays based on resazurin and phenol red and the Live/Dead® BacLight™ bacterial viability assay (Live/Dead staining) were employed to assess(More)
The effects of mesoporous silica nano- (270 nm) and microparticles (2.5 microm) with surface areas above 500 m2/g were evaluated on human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC). Size- and concentration-dependent effects were seen where the smaller particles and lower concentrations affected MDDC to a minor degree compared to the larger particles and higher(More)
In this letter, we demonstrate a new principle for diagnostics based on DNA sequence detection using single-stranded oligonucleotide tagged magnetic nanobeads. The target DNA is recognized and volume-amplified to large coils by circularization of linear padlock probes through probe hybridization and ligation, followed by rolling circle amplification (RCA).(More)
We present a novel conducting polypyrrole-based composite material, obtained by polymerization of pyrrole in the presence of iron(III) chloride on a cellulose substrate derived from the environmentally polluting Cladophora sp. algae. The material, which was doped with chloride ions, was molded into paper sheets and characterized using scanning and(More)
In this study we present a scheme for quantitative determination of biofilm viability offering significant improvement over existing methods with metabolic assays. Existing metabolic assays for quantifying viable bacteria in biofilms usually utilize calibration curves derived from planktonic bacteria, which can introduce large errors due to significant(More)
The conduction mechanism in microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) tablets at varying relative humidity (RH) has been investigated by using the techniques of low frequency dielectric spectroscopy and transient current analysis at room temperature. The dependence on RH on the measured conductivity and charge carrier density indicates that a high-power-law-exponent(More)
A newly developed method for determining the frequency-dependent complex Young's modulus was employed to analyze the mechanical response of compacted microcrystalline cellulose, sorbitol, ethyl cellulose and starch for frequencies up to 20 kHz. A Debye-like relaxation was observed in all the studied pharmaceutical excipient materials and a comparison with(More)
A new method is introduced that allows drug release and liquid absorption to be studied simultaneously. The drug release is measured by the alternating ionic current (AIC) method, and the study of liquid uptake is accomplished with a sensitive microbalance from a processor tensiometer. We show that the method can be employed to study anomalous diffusion in(More)
The possibility to fast-load biomimetic hydroxyapatite coatings on surgical implant with the antibiotics Amoxicillin, Gentamicin sulfate, Tobramycin and Cephalothin has been investigated in order to develop a multifunctional implant device offering sustained local anti-bacterial treatment and giving the surgeon the possibility to choose which antibiotics to(More)