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The dopamine D3 receptor (DRD3) mediates expression of conditioned effects of psychostimulants, but conflicting results have been obtained with opiates. In a conditioned place preference (CPP) procedure, morphine increased the time spent in a compartment previously paired with drug injection. CPP was obtained at morphine doses of 16 and 32 mg/kg in(More)
Nicotine, the main tobacco alkaloid leading to smoking dependence, rapidly crosses the blood–brain barrier (BBB) to become concentrated in the brain. Recently, it has been shown that nicotine interacts with some organic cation transporters (OCT), but their influence at the BBB has not yet been assessed in vivo. In this study, we characterized the transport(More)
The blood-brain barrier restricts the passage of substances into the brain. Neuropeptides, such as enkephalins, cannot be delivered into the brain when given systemically because of this barrier. Therefore, there is a need to develop efficient transport systems to deliver these drugs to the brain. Recently, we have demonstrated that conjugation of(More)
Doxorubicin delivery to the brain is often restricted because of the poor transport of this therapeutic molecule through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). To overcome this problem, we have recently developed a technology, Pep:trans, based on short natural-derived peptides that are able to cross efficiently the BBB without compromising its integrity. In this(More)
Uptake1 and uptake2 transporters are involved in the extracellular clearance of biogenic amine neurotransmitters at synaptic clefts. We looked for them at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-retina barriers (BRB), where they could be involved in regulating the neurotransmitter concentration and modulate/terminate receptor-mediated effects within the(More)
In the normal brain, immune cell trafficking and immune responses are strictly controlled and limited. This unique homeostatic equilibrium, also called brain immune quiescence, is crucial to maintaining proper brain functions and is altered in various pathological processes, from chronic immunopathological disorders to cognitive and psychiatric impairments.(More)
Transport across the BBB is a determinant of the rate and extent of drug distribution in the brain. Heroin exerts its effects through its principal metabolites 6-monoacetyl-morphine (6-MAM) and morphine. Morphine is a known substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) at the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) however, little is known about the interaction of heroin and 6-MAM(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o The article investigates the role of market orientation as an antecedent for the development of relational capabilities and performance in Russian industrial firms. We test the direct role of different aspects of market orientation on business performance in comparison to an indirect and mediated influence via improving a firm's(More)
In this paper, the problem of choosing the parameters of the controller that provide the desired dynamics of the closed-loop system is considered. The structure of the astatic controller for the marine ship, oriented to implementation of all requirements to the quality of dynamic processes is performed. The method of the computer search for the coefficients(More)
RATIONALE The dopamine D3 receptor has been shown to mediate conditioned effects of psychostimulants such as cocaine. The present work was aimed at determining whether drugs acting at D3 receptors alter acquisition of conditioned effects of opiates. METHODS We have used the conditioned place preference (CPP) in mice, which permits the measurement of(More)