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We have investigated the role for diacylglycerol (DAG) in membrane bud formation in the Golgi apparatus. Addition of propranolol to specifically inhibit phosphatidate phosphohydrolase (PAP), an enzyme responsible for converting phosphatidic acid into DAG, effectively prevents formation of membrane buds. The effect of PAP inhibition on Golgi membranes is(More)
There is a need for tools enabling quantitative imaging of biological tissue for pharmaceutical applications. In this study, two-photon fluorescence microscopy (TPM) has been combined with fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), demonstrating proof-of-principle providing quantitative data of fluorophore concentration and diffusion in human skin.(More)
Coat protein complex I (COPI) vesicles play a central role in the recycling of proteins in the early secretory pathway and transport of proteins within the Golgi stack. Vesicle formation is initiated by the exchange of GDP for GTP on ARF1 (ADP-ribosylation factor 1), which, in turn, recruits the coat protein coatomer to the membrane for selection of cargo(More)
Cell volume is a biophysical property, which is of great importance for quantitative characterisations of biological processes, such as osmotic adaptation. It also is a crucial parameter in the most common type of mathematical description of cellular behaviour-ordinary differential equation (ODE) models, e.g. the integrative model of the osmotic stress(More)
Signal transmission progresses via a series of transient protein-protein interactions and protein movements, which require diffusion within a cell packed with different molecules. Yeast Hog1, the effector protein kinase of the High Osmolarity Glycerol pathway, translocates transiently from the cytosol to the nucleus during adaptation to high external(More)
The distribution of sulphorhodamine B (SRB), a fluorescent hydrophilic model drug, was investigated in human skin after passive diffusion using four different topical delivery systems. The delivery vehicles applied were two bicontinuous lipid cubic systems, a commercial ointment and water. The lipid cubic systems consisted of either monoolein (MO) or(More)
This study describes the morphologic features of human non-melanoma skin cancer obtained using multiphoton laser scanning microscopy (MPLSM) on freshly excised specimens from 14 patients. Optical sectioning parallel to the tissue surface was performed, resulting in en face autofluorescence images of the epidermis and upper dermis, reaching tissue depths of(More)
Analysis of the time-dependent behavior of a signaling system can provide insight into its dynamic properties. We employed the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of the transcriptional repressor Mig1 as readout to characterize Snf1-Mig1 dynamics in single yeast cells. Mig1 binds to promoters of target genes and mediates glucose repression. Mig1 is predominantly(More)
The increasing incidence of skin cancer and the importance of early diagnosis is a challenge, which requires the development of reliable, cost-effective, noninvasive, diagnostic techniques. Several such methods based on optical imaging techniques are available and currently being investigated. A novel method in this field is multiphoton laser scanning(More)
We present the synthesis and photophysical characterisation of a series of structurally diverse, fluorescent 2,6,8-trisubstituted 3-hydroxychromone derivatives with high fluorescence quantum yields and molar extinction coefficients. Two of these derivatives (9 and 10 a) have been studied as fluorophores for cellular imaging in HeLa cells and show excellent(More)