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Ghrelin is an acyl-peptide gastric hormone acting on the pituitary and hypothalamus to stimulate growth hormone (GH) release, adiposity, and appetite. Ghrelin endocrine activities are entirely dependent on its acylation and are mediated by GH secretagogue (GHS) receptor (GHSR)-1a, a G protein-coupled receptor mostly expressed in the pituitary and(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) stimulates the invasive growth of epithelial cells via the c-MET oncogene-encoded receptor. In normal lung, both the receptor and the ligand are detected, and the latter is known to be a mitogenic and a motogenic factor for both cultured bronchial epithelial cells and non-small-cell carcinoma lines. Here,(More)
Scatter Factor, also known as Hepatocyte Growth Factor (SF/HGF), has pleiotropic functions including direct control of cell-cell and cell-substrate adhesion in epithelia. The subcellular localization of the SF/HGF receptor is controversial. In this work, the cell surface distribution of the SF/HGF receptor was studied in vivo in epithelial tissues and in(More)
Proteases have been used as a tool to investigate the role of surface molecules in fibronectin-mediated cell adhesion. Proteolytic digestion of membrane-proteins by pronase (1 mg/ml for 20 min at 37 degrees C) completely inhibited adhesion of baby hamster kidney (BHK) fibroblasts on fibronectin-coated plastic dishes. Various degrees of inhibition were also(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a potent mitogen for mature hepatocytes, and also has multifunctional effects on some other cells in various organs. The human c-Met proto-oncogene product has recently been identified as its high-affinity receptor. We examined HGF-like and c-Met protein-like immunoreactivities in the brains of neurologically normal,(More)
The c-MET proto-oncogene encodes the receptor for the Hepatocyte Growth Factor/Scatter Factor, which is known to mediate mitogenic, motogenic and invasive responses of several cell types. We have analysed by immunohistochemistry and biochemically the expression of c-MET in benign and malignant melanocytic lesions. The Met/HGF receptor which in the(More)
Several monoclonal antibodies were raised against the human epidermoid carcinoma line A 431. The antibody produced by clone AR-3, when tested in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, was found to react with the cell line used as immunogen, the human gastric carcinoma line KATO III, the colon carcinoma line HT29, and the ovarian carcinoma line SW626. This(More)
BACKGROUND Plex-B1, the receptor of Sema4D, has been implicated in tumour growth, angiogenesis and metastasis. The binding of Sema4D to Plex-B1 can trigger the activation of Met tyrosine kinase, thereby promoting cell dissociation and invasive growth. We tested the hypothesis that the expression of Plex-B1, either alone or in association with Met, can be of(More)
Metastasis is a sequence of events including proliferation, migration, adhesion, invasion and subsequent metastatic growth of tumour cells in distant organs. We previously showed that highly metastatic variants of murine melanoma cells express higher levels of the basement membrane proteoglycan perlecan than low or non metastatic variants and expression of(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor Met are responsible for a wide variety of cellular responses, both physiologically during embryo development and tissue homeostasis, and pathologically, particularly during tumor growth and dissemination. In cancer, Met can act as an oncogene on tumor cells, as well as a pro-angiogenic factor activating(More)