Maria Scholten

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Awareness of the need for biodiversity conservation is now universally accepted, but most often recent conservation activities have focused on wild species. Crop species and the diversity between and within them has significant socioeconomic as well as heritage value. The bulk of genetic diversity in domesticated species is located in traditional varieties(More)
Crop wild relatives are an important socio-economic resource that is currently being eroded or even extinguished through careless human activities. If the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the CBD 2010 Biodiversity Target of achieving a significant reduction in the current rate of loss is to be achieved, we must first define what crop wild relatives are(More)
Populations of short-lived pioneer species from brackish primary dune slacks and beach plains usually have to cope with unpredictably fluctuating abiotic conditions. Life history parameters play a major role in adaptation to temporal environmental heterogeneity. A population's susceptibility to fluctuating salinity levels may be largely determined by seed(More)
Norit Carbon has developed a chemically regenerable activated carbon (SPARAC) that is suitable for sugar decolourisation. Previous evaluation of this activated carbon showed promising results, and Norit developed another grade of SPARAC that had faster adsorption kinetics. This carbon has been evaluated in terms of its colour removal performance after(More)
This paper reviews the development of marine field ecotoxicology at the TNO Laboratory for Applied Marine Research. The scope of research, including biological monitoring with mussels, mesocosm studies and ecological risk analysis, is described. Some highlights from an historical point of view are given, with as yet unpublished data presented as examples.
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