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Pulse sequences based on FID signals and projection reconstruction (PR) were investigated for lung MRI at 0.5 T and evaluated for artifacts caused by: (1) k-space mismapping due to either delay or distortion of the readout gradient waveform, (2) cardiac motion and pulsatile flow, and (3) respiratory motion. Nonstructured artifacts were described, simulated,(More)
PURPOSE To describe a methodology, based on cluster analysis, to partition multi-parametric functional imaging data into groups (or clusters) of similar functional characteristics, with the aim of characterizing functional heterogeneity within head and neck tumour volumes. To evaluate the performance of the proposed approach on a set of longitudinal MRI(More)
BACKGROUND Endovaginal MRI (evMRI) at 3.0-T with T2-weighted (T2-W) and ZOnal Oblique Multislice (ZOOM)-diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) potentially improves the detection of stage Ia/Ib1 cervical cancer. We aimed to determine its sensitivity/specificity, document tumour-to-stromal contrast and establish the effect of imaging on surgical management. (More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To retrospectively investigate the effect of flip angle (FA) and k-space sampling on the performance of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE-) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) breast sequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS Five DCE-MRI breast sequences were evaluated (10°, 14°, and 18° FAs; radial or linear k-space sampling), with 7-10(More)
A study of the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) frequency in peripheral lymphocytes from 26 human subjects, with in vivo age of the cells as the variable, demonstrated a significant increase in SCE frequency with increasing age of the subject (analysis of variance: p less than 0.01). The cells were cultured in Eagles' basal medium with 5-bromodeoxyuridine(More)
This work investigates and compares two different phase-correction algorithms for Dixon fat-water separation and two different quality maps (QM) for region-growing: the original QM, based on phase gradients, and a QM based on phase uncertainty, proposed in this article. A spoiled dual-gradient-echo sequence was employed at 1.5 T to acquire in-phase and(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether quantitation of T2* is sufficiently repeatable and sensitive to detect clinically relevant oxygenation levels in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) at 3T. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten patients with newly diagnosed locally advanced HNSCC underwent two magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans between 24 and 168 hours apart(More)
A new relative of the chrysophyte genus Chrysopodocystis was found in Tenerife and termed Guanchochroma wildpretii. This unicellular alga was most noticeably discernible from Chrysopodocystis socialis (the only species of this genus) by the presence of a cyst-like stage with a multilayered lorica, which also functions as a dispersal unit and shows secondary(More)