Maria Santa Rocca

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STUDY QUESTION What are the relationships between telomere lengths in leukocytes and sperm, sperm count and parents' age at conception in a group of apparently healthy subjects of the same age? SUMMARY ANSWER Sperm telomere length (STL) is related to sperm count, it is lower in oligozoospermic than in normozoospermic men and it is directly related to(More)
The Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the most frequent sex chromosomal disorder in males, characterized by at least one supernumerary X chromosome (most frequent karyotype 47,XXY). This syndrome presents with a broad range of phenotypes. The common characteristics include small testes and infertility, but KS subjects are at increased risk of hypogonadism,(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the role of NR5A1 in cryptorchidism and male factor infertility. Mutations in NR5A1 have been initially associated with primary adrenal insufficiency and 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis and more recently with less severe phenotypes, including preliminary descriptions in severe forms of male factor infertility. Far less clear is the possible(More)
Deletions of the short arm of chromosome 2 are exceedingly rare and only nine cases involving regions from 2p23 to 2pter have been reported to date. Most of these deletions had only been analysed by GTG banding. Here, we report an interstitial de novo deletion resulting in a microdeletion of 3.9 Mb involving 2p23.2-p23.3 segment, detected by SNP-array(More)
It is well established that gonadal steroids mediate sexual differentiation of the brain via direct effects on neurons during a restricted critical period. In addition, estrogen can influence glial morphology in the adult brain, and in vitro studies suggest estrogen induces glial differentiation. However, there is a lack of in vivo evidence for steroid(More)
There is considerable evidence that GABAergic neurons play an important role in the regulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion, and that these neurons may mediate the feedback actions of gonadal steroids on GnRH neurons. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether endogenous changes in ovarian steroid secretion during the(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons terminating in the rostral hypothalamus are stimulated by testosterone. To investigate whether this action is mediated locally through androgen receptors in the rostral hypothalamus, bilateral microcannulas (28 gauge) containing the androgen receptor antagonist, hydroxyflutamide (HF), were stereotaxically(More)
STUDY QUESTION Could sperm telomere length (STL) represent a novel parameter and biomarker of sperm quality? SUMMARY ANSWER STL is associated with standard semen quality parameters and, more importantly, it is significantly associated with levels of DNA fragmentation and sperm protamination. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY Telomeres are fundamental for genome(More)
The molecular bases of sperm thermotaxis, the temperature-oriented cell motility, are currently under investigation. Thermal perception relies on a subclass of the transient receptor potential [TRP] channels, whose member TRPV1 is acknowledged as the heat sensing receptor. Here we investigated the involvement of TRPV1 in human sperm thermotaxis. We obtained(More)
CONTEXT The G protein-coupled receptor GPRC6A is an emerging effector with multiple endocrine roles, including stimulation of T production from the testis. Recently, two men with an inactivating mutation (F464Y) of GPRC6A have been identified, and they showed primary testicular failure and deranged spermatogenesis. Furthermore, one of them also reported(More)