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It is well established that gonadal steroids mediate sexual differentiation of the brain via direct effects on neurons during a restricted critical period. In addition, estrogen can influence glial morphology in the adult brain, and in vitro studies suggest estrogen induces glial differentiation. However, there is a lack of in vivo evidence for steroid(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the role of NR5A1 in cryptorchidism and male factor infertility. Mutations in NR5A1 have been initially associated with primary adrenal insufficiency and 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis and more recently with less severe phenotypes, including preliminary descriptions in severe forms of male factor infertility. Far less clear is the possible(More)
The Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the most frequent sex chromosomal disorder in males, characterized by at least one supernumerary X chromosome (most frequent karyotype 47,XXY). This syndrome presents with a broad range of phenotypes. The common characteristics include small testes and infertility, but KS subjects are at increased risk of hypogonadism,(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons terminating in the rostral hypothalamus are stimulated by testosterone. To investigate whether this action is mediated locally through androgen receptors in the rostral hypothalamus, bilateral microcannulas (28 gauge) containing the androgen receptor antagonist, hydroxyflutamide (HF), were stereotaxically(More)
There is considerable evidence that GABAergic neurons play an important role in the regulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion, and that these neurons may mediate the feedback actions of gonadal steroids on GnRH neurons. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether endogenous changes in ovarian steroid secretion during the(More)
STUDY QUESTION What are the relationships between telomere lengths in leukocytes and sperm, sperm count and parents' age at conception in a group of apparently healthy subjects of the same age? SUMMARY ANSWER Sperm telomere length (STL) is related to sperm count, it is lower in oligozoospermic than in normozoospermic men and it is directly related to(More)
CONTEXT The G protein-coupled receptor GPRC6A is an emerging effector with multiple endocrine roles, including stimulation of T production from the testis. Recently, two men with an inactivating mutation (F464Y) of GPRC6A have been identified, and they showed primary testicular failure and deranged spermatogenesis. Furthermore, one of them also reported(More)
OBJECTIVE Identification of the novel endocrine role of osteocalcin (OC) and its receptor GPRC6A has given rise to a new branch of research in OC/GPRC6A axis related to glucose metabolism. GPRC6A- and OC-deficient mice share features of the metabolic syndrome, in addition to male infertility. Recently, the polymorphism rs2274911 in GPRC6A was shown to be(More)
STUDY QUESTION Could sperm telomere length (STL) represent a novel parameter and biomarker of sperm quality? SUMMARY ANSWER STL is associated with standard semen quality parameters and, more importantly, it is significantly associated with levels of DNA fragmentation and sperm protamination. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY Telomeres are fundamental for genome(More)
PURPOSE Recent experimental evidence on non-mammalian animal models showed that D-Aspartic acid (d-Asp) administration increases testosterone levels through upregulation of StAR in Leydig cells. In this study, we aimed to investigate in vitro the signaling pathway associated with d-Asp stimulation in MA-10 murine Leydig cells. METHODS MA-10 cells were(More)