Maria Sancha Santos

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Previously we demonstrated that insulin protects against neuronal oxidative stress by restoring antioxidants and energy metabolism. In this study, we analysed how insulin influences insulin-(IR) and insulin growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) intracellular signaling pathways after oxidative stress caused by ascorbate/Fe2+ in rat cortical neurons. Insulin(More)
Opuntia ficus-indica Mill. (forage cactus) is farmed with relative success in the semi-arid region of the Brazilian northeast for commercial purposes, particularly as forage and food. Endophytic microorganisms are those that can be isolated inside plant tissues and can be a new source to production of enzymes with different potentialities. The objective of(More)
The effects of tetrandrine (6,6', 7,12-tetramethoxy-2, 2'-dimethyl-berbaman) on the mitochondrial function were assessed on oxidative stress, mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), and bioenergetics of rat liver mitochondria. At concentrations lower than 100 nmol/mg protein, tetrandrine decreased the hydrogen peroxide formation, the extent of lipid(More)
The cardiotoxicity associated with doxorubicin (DOX) therapy limits the total cumulative dose and therapeutic success of active anticancer chemotherapy. Cardiac mitochondria are implicated as primary targets for DOX toxicity, which is believed to be mediated by the generation of highly reactive free radical species of oxygen from complex I of the(More)
Several recent studies support a link between tau protein phosphorylation and adduction of tau by reactive carbonyls. Indeed, the phosphorylation-dependent adduction of tau by carbonyl products resulting from lipid peroxidation creates the neurofibrillary tangle-related antigen, Alz50. To determine whether epitopes of carbonyl-modified tau are major(More)
In this study we investigated the effect of insulin on neuronal viability and antioxidant defense mechanisms upon ascorbate/Fe2+-induced oxidative stress, using cultured cortical neurons. Insulin (0.1 and 10 microM) prevented the decrease in neuronal viability mediated by oxidative stress, decreasing both necrotic and apoptotic cell death. Moreover, insulin(More)
The processes underlying the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease involve several factors including impaired glucose/energy metabolism, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and altered insulin-signaling pathways. This review is mainly devoted to discuss evidence supporting the notion that mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are(More)
In this study, we evaluated the effect of lipoic acid (LA) and N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on oxidative [4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)lysine and heme oxygenase-1] and apoptotic (caspase 9 and Bax) markers in fibroblasts from patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and age-matched and young controls. AD fibroblasts showed the highest levels of(More)
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemia and insulin-induced hypoglycemia in cortical and hippocampal mitochondria bioenergetics and oxidative status. For that purpose we used, citrate (vehicle)-treated Wistar rats, STZ-treated rats [i.p., 50mg/kg body weight] and STZ-treated rats injected with insulin(More)
Mitochondrial abnormalities are prominent in Alzheimer disease. In this study, 2 mitochondrial markers, cytochrome oxidase-1 and lipoic acid, a sulfur-containing cofactor required for the activity of several mitochondrial enzyme complexes, were compared using light and electron microscopic analyses and immunoblot assays. Both lipoic acid and cytochrome(More)