Maria Salvelina Silva Santos

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Doxorubicin (DOX) is a highly effective treatment for several forms of cancer. However, clinical experience shows that DOX induces a cumulative and dose-dependent cardiomyopathy that has been ascribed to redox-cycling of the drug on the mitochondrial respiratory chain generating free radicals and oxidative stress in the process. Mitochondrial dysfunction(More)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic metabolic diseases in man. Due to long-term complications of the disease, severely decreasing the quality of life of diabetic patients, early interventions to obviate the risk of complications are of major importance. Therefore, diabetic animal models are of major importance in research for(More)
Mitochondria have a crucial role in the supply of energy to the brain. Mitochondrial alterations can lead to detrimental consequences on the function of brain cells and are thought to have a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of several neurologic disorders. This study was aimed to evaluate mitochondrial function, fusion–fission and biogenesis and autophagy(More)
OBJECTIVE Scorpion stings are registered worldwide, but the incidence and the features of the envenomations vary depending on the region. The aim of this review was to summarize the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic data worldwide regarding humans stung by scorpions. METHODS A systematic review of the literature was conducted through(More)
We investigated the effect of sub-chronic soybean oil (SO) treatment on the insulin secretion and fatty acid composition of islets of Langerhans obtained from Goto-Kakizaki (GK), a model of type 2 diabetes, and normal Wistar rats. We observed that soybean-treated Wistar rats present insulin resistance and defective islet insulin secretion when compared with(More)
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a highly concerning public health problem of the twenty-first century. Currently, it is estimated that T2D affects 422 million people worldwide with a rapidly increasing prevalence. During the past two decades, T2D has been widely shown to have a major impact in the brain. This, together with the cognitive decline and increased risk(More)
Chronic cholestasis is characteristic of many human liver diseases. Renal injury has been often associated with this type of disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cholestasis on kidney mitochondrial bioenergetics following in vivo chronic administration of α-naphthyl-isothiocyanate (ANIT), a known cholestatic agent. Serum markers of(More)
Ca2+-stimulated ATPase activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) preparations is activated after a short period of preincubation at temperatures between 40 and 45°C, but for temperatures higher than 48°C pronounced denaturation is observed. Heat denaturation is decreased if Mg2+ or K+ are present during heat treatment.
BACKGROUND/AIMS There was a tendency to use more extensive operations for the treatment of gastric cancer during the last decade particularly in Europe. This retrospective study was carried out to review our recent experience with total gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma. METHODOLOGY One hundred and fifteen patients treated for gastric cancer by total(More)