Maria Salvato

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Lassa virus (LASV) and Mopeia virus (MOPV) are closely related Old World arenaviruses that can exchange genomic segments (reassort) during coinfection. Clone ML29, selected from a library of MOPV/LASV (MOP/LAS) reassortants, encodes the major antigens (nucleocapsid and glycoprotein) of LASV and the RNA polymerase and zinc-binding protein of MOPV.(More)
Lymphocytic chorimeningitis virus (LCMV), the prototype arenavirus, and Lassa virus (LASV), causative agent of Lassa hemorrhagic fever (LHF), belong to the Old World group of the family Arenaviridae. Both viruses have extensive strain diversity and significant variations in lethality and pathogenicity for man and experimental animals. We have shown that the(More)
The cellular promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) associates with the proteins of several viruses and in some cases reduces viral propagation in cell culture. To examine the role of PML in vivo, we compared immune responses and virus loads of PML-deficient and control mice infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) and vesicular stomatitis(More)
Arenaviruses can cause hemorrhagic fever and death in primates and guinea pigs, but these viruses are not highly pathogenic for most rodent carriers. In the United States, arenaviruses precipitated outbreaks of hepatitis in captive monkeys, and they present an emerging health threat in the tropical areas of Africa and South America. We describe infection of(More)
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) and Lassa virus can cause hemorrhagic fever and liver disease in primates. The WE strain of LCMV (LCMV-WE) causes a fatal Lassa fever-like disease in rhesus macaques and provides a model for arenavirus pathogenesis in humans. LCMV-WE delivered intravenously or intragastrically to rhesus macaques targets hepatocytes(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of HIV Tat protein on Bcl-2 expression in human monocytes, and observe apoptosis of Tat-stimulated monocytes induced by TNF-alpha-related apoptosis-induced ligand (TRAIL). METHODS Western blot was used to detect Bcl-2 expression in monocytes stimulated by HIV Tat protein, and Annexin V and 7-AAD staining were used to(More)
In this article we describe two new complete genomic sequences of Old World Arenaviruses: the Mopeia (MOP) virus and the reassortant MOP/LAS virus, clone 29, or ML29. This reassortant has the large (L) RNA from MOP virus and the small (S) RNA from Lassa (LAS) virus, Josiah strain. Recent studies showed that the ML29 virus is not pathogenic for mice, guinea(More)
Two strains of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) differ in their ability to cause a lethal disease in outbred guinea pigs: the Armstrong (ARM) strain is not lethal at high doses (106 PFU), whereas the WE strain is lethal at less than 10 PFU inoculated intraperitoneally. The high pathogenic potential of LCMV WE has been mapped to the larger (L) of(More)
Acute arenavirus disease in primates, like Lassa hemorrhagic fever in humans, begins with flu-like symptoms and leads to death approximately 2 weeks after infection. Our goal was to identify molecular changes in blood that are related to disease progression. Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) infected intravenously with a lethal dose of lymphocytic(More)
Several disulfide-based and azoic compounds have shown antiviral and virucidal properties against arenaviruses in virus yield-inhibition and inactivation assays, respectively. The most effective virucidal agent, the aromatic disulfide NSC20625, was able to inactivate two strains of the prototype arenavirus species Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV).(More)