Maria S Vorontsova

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Recommended citation: APG IV (2016). This paper was compiled by James W. Byng, Mark W. Chase, Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Michael F. Fay, Walter S. Judd, David J. Mabberley, Alexander N. Sennikov, Douglas E. Soltis, Pamela S. Soltis and Peter F. Stevens, who were equally responsible and listed here in alphabetical order only, with contributions from Barbara(More)
C(4) photosynthesis is a series of anatomical and biochemical modifications to the typical C(3) pathway that increases the productivity of plants in warm, sunny, and dry conditions. Despite its complexity, it evolved more than 62 times independently in flowering plants. However, C(4) origins are absent from most plant lineages and clustered in others,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS An accurate characterization of biodiversity requires analyses of DNA sequences in addition to classical morphological descriptions. New methods based on high-throughput sequencing may allow investigation of specimens with a large set of genetic markers to infer their evolutionary history. In the grass family, the phylogenetic position(More)
BACKGROUND The common or brinjal eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) belongs to the Leptostemonum Clade (the "spiny" solanums) of the species-rich genus Solanum (Solanaceae). Unlike most of the genus, the eggplant and its relatives are from the Old World; most eggplant wild relatives are from Africa. An informal system for naming eggplant wild relatives largely(More)
Collections of specimens held by natural history museums are invaluable material for biodiversity inventory and evolutionary studies, with specimens accumulated over 300 years readily available for sampling. Unfortunately, most museum specimens yield low-quality DNA. Recent advances in sequencing technologies, so called next-generation sequencing, are(More)
Adaptation to changing environments often requires novel traits, but how such traits directly affect the ecological niche remains poorly understood. Multiple plant lineages have evolved C4 photosynthesis, a combination of anatomical and biochemical novelties predicted to increase productivity in warm and arid conditions. Here, we infer the dispersal history(More)
A phylogenetic classification of tribe Poranthereae Grüning (Phyllanthaceae Martynov) is presented, based on molecular studies using DNA sequence data of nuclear ITS and plastid matK regions in conjunction with morphological characters. The tribe contains eight genera, four subgenera and 111 species. Circumscription of the genera differs considerably from(More)
GrassBase and GrassWorld are the largest structured descriptive datasets in plants, publishing descriptions of 11,290 species in the DELTA format. Twenty nine years of data compilation and maintenance have created a dataset which now underpins much of the Poaceae bioinformatics. GrassBase and GrassWorld can continue to grow productively if the proliferation(More)
A revision of Andropogon and Diectomis in Madagascar is presented with nine species and two subspecies (including eight native and seven endemic species) in Andropogon, and one species in Diectomis. Andropogon itremoensis from the Itremo Massif is described and illustrated. The Itremo Massif is briefly described and the conservation implications of the new(More)