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Until recently, members of the monogeneric family Arenaviridae (arenaviruses) have been known to infect only muroid rodents and, in one case, possibly phyllostomid bats. The paradigm of arenaviruses exclusively infecting small mammals shifted dramatically when several groups independently published the detection and isolation of a divergent group of(More)
The proline-rich homeodomain protein, PRH/HEX, participates in the early development of the brain, thyroid, and liver and in the later regenerative processes of damaged liver, vascular endothelial, and hematopoietic cells. A virulent strain of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV-WE) that destroys hematopoietic, vascular, and liver functions also alters(More)
In addition to its established role in innate immune mechanisms, complement component C3 is also of critical importance in B cell activation and T cell-dependent Ab responses. In this study, we have examined the requirement for C3 in the generation of primary CD8 T cell responses to an acute systemic viral infection. We compared Ag-specific CD8 T cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of HIV Tat protein on Bcl-2 expression in human monocytes, and observe apoptosis of Tat-stimulated monocytes induced by TNF-alpha-related apoptosis-induced ligand (TRAIL). METHODS Western blot was used to detect Bcl-2 expression in monocytes stimulated by HIV Tat protein, and Annexin V and 7-AAD staining were used to(More)
Acute arenavirus disease in primates, like Lassa hemorrhagic fever in humans, begins with flu-like symptoms and leads to death approximately 2 weeks after infection. Our goal was to identify molecular changes in blood that are related to disease progression. Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) infected intravenously with a lethal dose of lymphocytic(More)
Efficient recognition of tumor cells by cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) is often dependent on the presentation of cytosolic peptides in the context of MHC class I molecules. This process may be influenced by various molecular chaperones. To analyze this influence, we have utilized B16 melanoma cells, which are not effectively recognized by MHC class(More)
Lassa virus (LASV) and Mopeia virus (MOPV) are closely related Old World arenaviruses that can exchange genomic segments (reassort) during coinfection. Clone ML29, selected from a library of MOPV/LASV (MOP/LAS) reassortants, encodes the major antigens (nucleocapsid and glycoprotein) of LASV and the RNA polymerase and zinc-binding protein of MOPV.(More)
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) and Lassa virus can cause hemorrhagic fever and liver disease in primates. The WE strain of LCMV (LCMV-WE) causes a fatal Lassa fever-like disease in rhesus macaques and provides a model for arenavirus pathogenesis in humans. LCMV-WE delivered intravenously or intragastrically to rhesus macaques targets hepatocytes(More)
BACKGROUND Rhesus macaques infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) provide a model for human Lassa fever. Disease begins with flu-like symptoms and progresses rapidly with fatal consequences. Previously, we profiled the blood transcriptome of LCMV-infected monkeys (M. Djavani et al J. Virol. 2007) showing distinct pre-viremic and viremic(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus disease involves progressive destruction of host immunity leading to opportunistic infections and increased rates for malignancies. Both depletion in immune cell numbers as well as defects in their effector functions are responsible for this immunodeficiency The broad impact of HIV reflects a similarly broad pattern of cell(More)