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OBJECTIVE To present three cases of young adults with lateral medullary ischaemic events associated with a hypoplastic vertebral artery (VA). All three patients had two additional atherosclerotic or non-atherosclerotic risk factors for stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS One female, aged 40 years, and two males, aged 38 and 37 years, each with two risk factors(More)
Vertebral artery hypoplasia is not currently considered an independent risk factor for stroke. Emerging evidence suggest that vertebral artery hypoplasia may contribute to posterior circulation ischemic events, especially when other risk factors coexist. In the present literature review, we present published data to discuss the relationship between a(More)
The impact of statin therapy on dementia has been a hot topic of debate over the last decade and still remains highly controversial. Among all causes of dementia, vascular dementia (VaD) is the one type that is more likely to benefit from statins. To date no randomized clinical trials have been published and no systematic review has investigated a possible(More)
It has been estimated that up to 10% of hypercoagulable state manifestations in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are ischemic strokes. The literature search through MEDLINE and EMBASE highlighted 33 case reports of IBD patients complicated with cerebral arterial infarction during the course of their disease. Most of these patients presented(More)
Aim. To evaluate the feasibility of percutaneous sclerotherapy of symptomatic simple abdominal cysts, using hypertonic saline and bleomycin, as an alternative to surgery. Materials and Methods. This study involved fourteen consecutive patients (ten women, four men, mean age: 59.2 y) with nineteen symptomatic simple cysts (liver n = 14, kidney n = 3, and(More)
To investigate structural brain changes in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on 18 IBD patients (aged 45.16 ± 14.71 years) and 20 aged-matched control subjects. The imaging protocol consisted of a sagittal-FLAIR, a T1-weighted high-resolution three-dimensional spoiled gradient-echo sequence, and a(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease has been reported to co-exist with other autoimmune diseases. Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder characterized by xerostomy and/or xerophthalmy. Sjogren's syndrome occurring in IBD has been very rarely reported. A 45-year old woman diagnosed ten years ago with ulcerative pancolitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis was(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), widely known as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), are thought to result from an inappropriate activation of the mucosal immune system driven by intestinal bacterial flora. METHODS Although the extraintestinal manifestations of IBD are well documented, the association of IBD with neurologic and(More)
BACKGROUND It has been estimated that 1.3-6.4% of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are complicated by cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) at some point of time during the course of their disease. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed and subsequently analyzed data from 65 case reports of IBD patients with CVT. Our sources included MEDLINE and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1), C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen (FIB) levels in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and explore the potential association among them. METHODS In 23 consecutive patients with AIS diagnosed clinically and confirmed by CT brain scan, we measured plasma levels of ET-1 by radioimmunoassay, and CRP and FIB on the(More)