Maria Ruquet

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The sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP) consists in the measurement of pressure through an occluded nostril during sniffs performed through the controlateral nostril. It is an accurate and noninvasive approximation of esophageal pressure swing during sniff maneuvers. However SNIP can underestimate esophageal pressure swing in subjects with nasal(More)
RATIONALE Malnutrition and aspiration are major problems in patients with neuromuscular disease. Because impaired swallowing contributes to malnutrition, means of improving swallowing are needed. OBJECTIVES To investigate interactions between breathing and swallowing in neuromuscular disorders and to evaluate the impact of mechanical ventilation (MV) on(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the performance of a power wheelchair with stair-climbing capability (TopChair) and a conventional power wheelchair (Storm3). DESIGN A single-center, open-label study. SETTING A physical medicine and rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=25) who required power wheelchairs because of severe impairments affecting the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate a speech synthesizer with respect to patterns of use and satisfaction, during a 2-month trial at home, and the usefulness of the word prediction function. DESIGN Prospective study. PARTICIPANTS Of the 24 patients with severe dysarthria recruited, 10 completed the study. Five patients had cerebral palsy, 3(More)
Air leaks often result in alveolar hypoventilation in mechanically ventilated patients with neuromuscular disease. The primary objective of this study was to assess the feasibility, efficacy and tolerance of a ventilator equipped with an automated air-leak compensation system in a clinical situation. Fourteen neuromuscular patients with nocturnal air leaks(More)
Severe hand dysfunction is common in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and may preclude the use of conventional call-bells. We prospectively evaluated a call-bell with two hand-controlled interfaces (push-button and key-pinch) and two mouth-controlled interfaces (sip-or-puff) in 32 consecutive DMD and Becker patients. Patients called(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether intermittent positive-pressure breathing (IPPB) improved lung compliance, work of breathing, and respiratory function in patients with recent high spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN An unblinded randomized crossover trial. SETTING Rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=14) with SCI caused by trauma within the(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to determine primarily the oral health status of patients with upper aerodigestive tract cancer before radiotherapy, and secondarily the prevalence of risk factors for poor oral status. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in Marseille University hospital. Assessment criteria were the Decay, Missing and Filled (DMF) Index and(More)
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