Maria Rosario Melis

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The mesolimbic dopamine system has recently been implicated in the long-term aversive consequences of withdrawal from major drugs of abuse. In the present study we sought to determine whether mesolimbic dopamine neurons are involved in the neurobiologic mechanisms underlying withdrawal from chronic cannabinoid exposure. Rats were treated chronically with(More)
The intravenous administration of the psychoactive constituent of marijuana, delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) (62.5-1000 microg/kg), and the synthetic cannabinoid agonist WIN 55212,2 (WIN) (62.5-500 microg/kg), produced a dose-related increase in the firing rate and burst firing in the majority of antidromically identified meso-prefrontal(More)
Ethanol (EtOH), the main psychoactive ingredient of alcoholic drinks, is widely considered to be responsible for alcohol abuse and alcoholism through its positive motivational properties, which depend, at least partially, on the activation of the mesolimbic dopaminergic system. However, acetaldehyde (ACD), the first metabolite of EtOH, has been classically(More)
The activity of mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons was investigated in rats at various times after a chronic regimen of morphine, which produced, upon suspension, a marked somatic withdrawal syndrome. Single-cell extracellular recording techniques, coupled with antidromic identification from the nucleus accumbens, were used to monitor neuronal activity while(More)
The present study was designed to determine if cannabinoids share with other drugs of abuse the ability to stimulate mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons and if this effect is mediated by cannabinoid receptors. To this end, the effects of the prototypical cannabinoid, delta9 tetrahydrocannabinol ¿(-)-trans-(6aR,10aR)-6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of the typical antipsychotic haloperidol and the atypical antipsychotics clozapine and olanzapine on both extracellular dopamine (DA) levels in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) as well as electrical activity of mesoprefrontal DA (mPFC-DA) neurons. Extracellular single unit recordings and(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) have long been known as mediators of several physiological functions, among which the best characterized are lipid metabolism, energy balance and anti-inflammation. Their rather large and promiscuous ligand binding site has been recently discovered to accommodate, among a plethora of lipid molecules and(More)
Cannabinoids activate the firing of mesoprefrontocortical dopamine neurons and release dopamine in the prefrontal cortex. This study was undertaken with the aim of clarifying the interaction between cannabinoids and mesocortical system in the prefrontal cortex. The effect of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta9-THC) and the synthetic CB1 agonist WIN55,212-2(More)
The neuropeptide oxytocin (20-100 ng), induces penile erection when injected unilaterally into the caudal but not rostral mesencephalic ventral tegmental area (VTA) of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Such pro-erectile effect started 30 min after treatment and was abolished by the prior injection of d(CH2)5Tyr(Me)(2)-Orn(8)-vasotocin (1 microg), an oxytocin(More)