Maria Rosaria Tagliamonte

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We have previously developed HIV-1 Pr55gag-based virus-like particles (HIV-VLPs) as presentation and delivery model using a transient Baculovirus expression system. Here we describe the establishment and characterization of stably transfected insect cell line for the constitutive and reproducible production of HIV-VLPs. The persistence of HIV gag coding(More)
Virus-Like Particles (VLPs) represent an efficient strategy to present and deliver conformational antigens to the immune system, inducing both arms of the adaptive immune response. Moreover, their particulate structure surrounded by cell membrane provides an adjuvanted effect to VLP-based immunizations. In the present study, the elicitation of different(More)
The epidemic of Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 infection in Italy is mostly ascribed to the B subtype, which represents the prevalent subtype in Western Countries. The virus isolates of the B subtype, moreover, show an increasing nucleotide heterogeneity over time, indicating a continuous intra-subtype dynamic evolution, typical of long-lasting(More)
We have recently developed a candidate HIV-1 vaccine model based on HIV-1 Pr55gag Virus-Like Particles (HIV-VLPs), produced in a baculovirus expression system and presenting a gp120 molecule from an Ugandan HIV-1 isolate of the clade A (HIV-VLPAs). The HIV-VLPAs induce in Balb/c mice systemic and mucosal neutralizing Antibodies as well as cytotoxic T(More)
The continuous identification of HIV-1 non-B subtypes and recombinant forms in Italy indicates the need of constant molecular epidemiology survey of genetic forms circulating and transmitted in the resident population. The distribution of HIV-1 subtypes has been evaluated in 25 seropositive individuals residing in Italy, most of whom were infected through a(More)
HIV-1 C2-V3 subgenomic regions of the env gene from Iranian seropositive injecting drug users (IDUs) living in Mashhad have been analyzed to evaluate molecular and phylogenetic relationships with IDUs living in Tehran and identify possible common founder virus isolates. The results show that the viral sequences of the Iranian IDUs are strongly related and(More)
Genetic and phylogenetic information on the HIV-1 epidemic in Middle-East Countries, and in particular in Iran, are extremely limited. By March 2004, the Iranian Ministry of Health officially reported a cumulative number of 6'532 HIV positive individuals and 214 AIDS cases in the Iranian HIV-1 epidemic. The intra-venous drug users (IDUs) represent the group(More)
We have recently developed a candidate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine model based on HIV-1 Pr55(gag) virus-like particles (HIV-VLPs), produced in a baculovirus expression system and presenting a gp120 molecule from a Ugandan HIV-1 isolate of clade A (HIV-VLP(A)s). The HIV-VLP(A)s show the induction in BALB/c mice of systemic and mucosal(More)
We have previously described the establishment and characterization of a stably transfected insect cell line for the constitutive and efficient expression of Pr55 HIV Gag proteins, which auto-assemble into enveloped Virus-Like Particles (VLPs) released into the cell culture supernatant. Such HIV-Gag VLPs have been shown to elicit a specific systemic humoral(More)
We have recently developed a candidate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine model, based on virus-like particles (VLPs) expressing gp120 from a Ugandan HIV-1 isolate of clade A (HIV-VLP(A)s), which shows the induction of neutralizing antibodies as well as cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) in BALB/c mice by intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration.(More)