Maria Rosaria Gualano

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Communication via mobile phones has become an essential tool for health professionals. The latest generation of smartphones is comparable to computers, allowing the development of new applications in health field. This paper aims to describe the use of smartphones by health professionals and patients in the field of health promotion. We conducted a(More)
To evaluate, in pregnant women at high risk for gestational diabetes (GDM), the longitudinal changes of adiponectin, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, and to assess their independent value as risk factors for the development of GDM. Fifty women at beginning of pregnancy were studied. Adiponectin, insulin sensitivity (homeostasis model assessment, HOMA) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy as a tool of smoking cessation of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), directly comparing users of e-cigarettes only, smokers of tobacco cigarettes only, and smokers of both. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. Final results are expected in 2019, but given the urgency of data to support policies on electronic(More)
BACKGROUND Healthcare professionals play a key role in tobacco use prevention because they are considered as model by patients. This multicenter study was aimed to evaluate smoking prevalence, knowledge and attitudes towards tobacco among Italian hospital professionals. METHODS A cross-sectional study was carried out using a questionnaire administered to(More)
BACKGROUND Our study aimed to estimate the prevalence of pregnancy e-health seekers in a large Italian sample; to explore the factors influencing the choices of the childbearing women regarding their lifestyles after internet consultation; and finally to investigate potential differences between primiparous and multiparous women in internet use to find(More)
BACKGROUND The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about 180 million people, 3% of the world population, are infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). In Italy, the prevalence in the general population is reported to be greater than 5% and 9% among households of HCV-positive patients. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to estimate the trends(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine smoking prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training among university students attending European medical schools using the Global Health Professional Students Survey approach. METHODS A cross-country, cross-sectional study was performed among 12 medical schools in four countries in Europe (Germany, Italy,(More)
Italy has a monitoring system for genetic testing, consisting in a periodic census of clinical and laboratory activities performed in the country. The experience is limited, however, concerning the translation of genomic testing for complex diseases into clinical practice. For the first time the Italian Ministry of Health has introduced a policy strategic(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Trastuzumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody directed against the extracellular domain of ErbB, has determined clinical benefit for women affected by metastatic or early stage HER2-positive breast cancer and never previously treated with trastuzumab. Trastuzumab is generally used as first-line treatment of HER2+ metastatic breast cancer(More)
Our article aims to give an overview of the most mentioned smartphones' pregnancy-related applications (Apps). A keywords string with selected keywords was entered both in a general search engine (Google(®)) and PubMed. While PubMed returned no pertinent results, a total of 370 web pages were found on Google(®), and 146 of them were selected. All the(More)