Maria Rosaria Galanti

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AIMS To assess to what extent snus has been used as an aid to stop smoking among Swedish smokers. DESIGN A random telephone retrospective survey of Swedish smokers and ex-smokers. SETTING Survey conducted in November-December 2000. PARTICIPANTS A national sample of 1000 former and 985 current daily smokers aged 25-55 years. MEASUREMENTS Smoking(More)
A population-based case-control study was conducted in Northern Norway and Central Sweden to investigate hormonal and reproductive factors and cigarette smoking as determinants of papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma in women. Information on 191 histologically confirmed cases and 341 age-matched controls was included. No clear association was found(More)
A population-based case-control study was conducted in two regions ofSweden and Norway to investigate the association between dietary habits andthe risk of thyroid cancer. The consumption of selected foods was reported ina self-completed food-frequency questionnaire by 246 cases withhistologically confirmed papillary (n = 209) and follicular (n = 37)(More)
Prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke is suggested as a potential risk factor for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Previous epidemiological studies of this topic have yielded mixed findings. We performed a case-control study of 3,958 ASD cases and 38,983 controls nested in a large register-based cohort in Sweden. ASD case status was measured using a(More)
Objective: To assess the relation between anthropometric factors and thyroid cancer risk in a pooled analysis of individual data from 12 case–control studies conducted in the US, Japan, China and Europe. Methods: 2056 female and 417 male cases, 3358 female and 965 male controls were considered. Odds ratios (OR) were derived from logistic regression,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of Swedish snuff and cigarette smoking on risks of preterm birth. DESIGN Population-based cohort study. SETTING Sweden. POPULATION All live, singleton births in Sweden 1999-2006. METHODS Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to estimate relative risks for preterm birth in snuff users (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of the school-based drug abuse prevention program developed in the EU-Dap study (EUropean Drug Abuse Prevention trial) in preventing the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs at the post-test. METHODS Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial. Seven European countries participated in the study; 170 schools (7079 pupils 12-14(More)
The use of snus (also referred to as Scandinavian or Swedish moist smokeless tobacco), which is common in Sweden and increasing elsewhere, is receiving increasing attention since considered a tobacco smoke “potential reduction exposure product”. Snus delivers a high dose of nicotine with possible hemodynamic effects, but its impact on cardiovascular(More)
Objective: The relations between oral contraceptives (OC), hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for menopause, and other female hormone use and thyroid cancer risk was analyzed using the original data from 13 studies from North America, Asia and Europe. Methods: Based on 2,132 cases and 3,301 controls, odds ratios (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence(More)
BACKGROUND Socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics of snus users have not been systematically described. Such knowledge is pivotal for tobacco control efforts and for the assessment of health effects of snus use. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted, based on the Stockholm Public Health Survey, including a population-based sample of(More)