Maria Rosaria Boccellino

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The HIV-1 Tat protein has been directly implicated in the pathogenesis of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma (KS); however, its effects on KS spindle-shaped and endothelial cell apoptosis are largely unexplored. Since susceptibility to apoptosis is relevant for tumor development and response to therapy, we investigated the effects of Tat on KS and endothelial(More)
HIV-infected patients suffer several renal syndromes, which can progress rapidly from renal insufficiency to end-stage renal disease. Histologically, HIV-induced nephropathy is characterized by prominent tubulopathy with apoptosis of tubular cells. Clinical and experimental evidence suggests that renal injury may be directly related to virus infection.(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a rare, highly aggressive tumor, associated to asbestos exposure. To date no chemotherapy regimen for MM has proven to be definitively curative, and new therapies for MM treatment need to be developed. We have previously shown in vivo that piroxicam/cisplatin combined treatment in MM, specifically acts on cell cycle(More)
We previously reported that platelet-activating factor (PAF) enhances the angiogenic activity of certain polypeptide mediators such as tumor necrosis factor and hepatocyte growth factor by promoting endothelial cell motility. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether the synthesis of PAF induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)(More)
In the present study, we evaluated whether motility of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) spindle cells induced by HIV-1 Tat protein is dependent on the synthesis of platelet-activating factor (PAF). The results obtained indicate that Tat induced a dose-dependent synthesis of PAF from KS cells at a concentration as low as 0.1 ng/ml. PAF production started rapidly after(More)
We have previously reported that interferon-alpha (IFNalpha) induces apoptosis and EGF can antagonize this effect in human epidermoid cancer KB cells. Since apoptosis occurs together with cytoskeleton reorganization we have evaluated if IFNalpha and EGF could modulate cell remodeling in our experimental conditions. We have found that 48 h 1,000 IU/ml(More)
Although CD40 is expressed by several tumor lines and is up-regulated in tumor vascular endothelium, its role in tumor biology is still unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of CD40 in the growth and vascularization of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). In vitro, stimulation of CD40 induced migration of KS cells and inhibited vincristine-induced(More)
Recent immunohistochemical studies have suggested that L-selectin ligands may be implicated in the infiltration of tumors and rejected transplants by lymphocytes. In the present study, polyoma-middle T Ag-transformed endothelial cells (H.end), which typically form in vivo immunogenic vascular tumors resembling Kaposi's sarcoma, were engineered to express(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a phospholipid mediator of inflammation which has been implicated in rejection. The interaction of anti-alpha-galactosyl natural antibodies (anti-alpha gal Abs) with endothelial cells is the initial step for the development of xenograft rejection. In our study, we stimulated porcine aortic endothelial cells(More)
Tumor cell migration may favor local mass expansion and metastasis dissemination. Several tumors were found to express the receptor for platelet-activating factor (PAF), a potent mediator of leukocyte chemotaxis and endothelial cell migration. However, its functional role on tumor cells is largely unexplored. In the present study, we evaluated the motogenic(More)