Maria Rosa Cattin

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Ghrelin is a gastric hormone increased during caloric restriction and fat depletion. A role of ghrelin in the regulation of lipid and energy metabolism is suggested by fat gain independent of changes in food intake during exogenous ghrelin administration in rodents. We investigated the potential effects of peripheral ghrelin administration (two times daily(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin administration can induce fat weight gain and hyperglycemia (potentially through ghrelin-induced hepatic glucose production), but plasma ghrelin is positively associated with whole-body insulin sensitivity (mainly reflecting muscle insulin action) being increased in lean individuals or after diet-induced weight loss and reduced in obesity(More)
OBJECTIVE Gastric bypass (GBP) lowers food intake, body weight, and insulin resistance in severe obesity (SO). Ghrelin is a gastric orexigenic and adipogenic hormone contributing to modulate energy balance and insulin action. Total plasma ghrelin (T-Ghr) level is low and inversely related to body weight and insulin resistance in moderately obese patients,(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity commonly causes hepatic lipid accumulation that may favor oxidative stress and inflammation with negative clinical impact. Acylated ghrelin (A-Ghr) modulates body lipid distribution and metabolism, and it may exert antioxidant effects in vitro as well as systemic anti-inflammatory effects in vivo. The impact of A-Ghr on liver triglyceride(More)
A glomerular permeability defect occurs early in the course of type 1 diabetes and precedes the onset of microalbuminuria and renal morphological changes. Recently, ACE inhibitors have been shown to prevent loss of glomerular membrane permselective function, but the mechanism of this nephroprotective effect is still being debated. The objective of the(More)
Obesity is associated with muscle lipid accumulation. Experimental models suggest that inflammatory cytokines, low mitochondrial oxidative capacity and paradoxically high insulin signaling activation favor this alteration. The gastric orexigenic hormone acylated ghrelin (A-Ghr) has antiinflammatory effects in vitro and it lowers muscle triglycerides while(More)
OBJECTIVE The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays an important role in the control of renal function both in physiological and pathological conditions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relation between four genetic polymorphisms of the RAAS and renal insufficiency in a population of patients with essential hypertension living(More)
Insulin resistance often characterizes chronic uremia, and is associated with enhanced morbidity and mortality, because it may contribute to protein-energy wasting (in turn, an independent predictor of reduced survival), atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular death. Causes of insulin resistance in chronic uremia are complex and multifactorial. Obesity is(More)
BACKGROUND Long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is a component of the pentraxin superfamily and a potential marker of vascular damage and inflammation, associated with negative outcome in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and PTX3 production is reported in abdominal adipose tissue. Low PTX3 is however(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipose-secreted retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) circulates in free (active) and transthyretin (TTR)-bound forms and may be associated with obesity-related inflammation. Potential involvement of plasma and adipose RBP4 in systemic inflammation in the absence of obesity and diabetes is unknown. Inflammation reduces survival in chronic kidney(More)