Maria Rita Giuca

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OBJECTIVES To provide diagnostic criteria for ankyloglossia in children by anatomical measurements; to investigate the correlation between severity of ankyloglossia and a series of morphofunctional findings; to evaluate the potential mismatch between a clinical suspect of ankyloglossia and the authentic anatomical diagnosis. DESIGN Two different(More)
This study investigated the microbial level of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp. during an orthodontic treatment, and compare the data with untreated control subjects.Sixty young adult subjects were selected (average 20.5, DS 1.62), among which 40 underwent an orthodontic treatment (20 were treated with self-ligating brackets and 20 with(More)
AIM To assess the prevalence and to investigate the pathogenetic mechanisms of dental and periodontal lesions in children with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH) examined at diagnosis or during treatment. METHODS Nine children with XLH (age 7.2 +/- 3.3 years) were enrolled in the study (at diagnosis, n = 2; during treatment with oral inorganic(More)
The in vitro activities of human beta-defensin 3 (hBD-3) alone or combined with lysozyme, metronidazole, amoxicillin, and chlorhexidine were investigated with the oral bacteria Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis, Streptococcus sobrinus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, and Porphyromonas gingivalis. hBD-3 showed(More)
The human beta defensin 3 (hBD3) is widely expressed in the oral cavity and exerts strong antibacterial and immunomodulatory activities. Hence, we hypothesized that hBD3 could play a protective role in the maintenance of periodontal homeostasis, and that it could be found in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of healthy individuals and those with periodontitis(More)
Although spontaneous remission occurs in patients with idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis (IJO), permanent bone deformities may occur. The effects of long-term pamidronate treatment on clinical findings, bone mineral status, and fracture rate were evaluated. Nine patients (age 9.8 ± 1.1 years, 7 males) with IJO were randomized to intravenous pamidronate (0.8(More)
Piercing is the practice of puncturing some parts of the body to apply ornamental objects. The presence of oral and perioral piercings are a risk factor for many acute and chronic complications, such as chipping of the dental enamel, periodontal lesions and infection. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of lip and tongue piercing complications(More)
The aim of this investigation was to gain further insight into the prevalence of different serotypes of mutans streptococci in the Italian population by using specific monoclonal antibodies in an enzyme immunoassay. Isolates from dental plaque samples, collected from an adult population living in Pisa (Italy), were identified as mutans streptococci on the(More)
AIM Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is utilized in oral surgery to enhance bone healing and it has been suggested to accelerate soft tissue healing. Nevertheless, there is no evidence on biological concentration of platelets needed to determine the higher biological response. Therefore, aim of this study is to evaluate the action of PRP in vitro on osteoblasts(More)
BACKGROUND The recognition that periodontal diseases are associated with specific pathogens has led to interest in the use of antibacterial drugs for inhibition of these microorganisms. On these bases, the present study was aimed at evaluating the tissue distribution of the new macrolide antibiotic azithromycin in patients subjected to oral surgery for(More)