Maria Ripoli

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The pathogenic mechanism of a G44A nonsense mutation in the NDUFS4 gene and a C1564A mutation in the NDUFS1 gene of respiratory chain complex I was investigated in fibroblasts from human patients. As previously observed the NDUFS4 mutation prevented complete assembly of the complex and caused full suppression of the activity. The mutation (Q522K(More)
In the present study mitochondrial respiratory function of fibroblasts from a patient affected by early-onset Parkinsonism carrying the homozygous W437X nonsense mutation in the PINK1 gene has been thoroughly characterized. When compared with normal fibroblasts, the patient’s fibroblast mitochondria exhibited a lower respiratory activity and a decreased(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection induces a state of oxidative stress that is more pronounced than that in many other inflammatory diseases. In this study we used well-characterized cell lines inducibly expressing the entire HCV open-reading frame to investigate the impact of viral protein expression on cell bioenergetics. It was shown that HCV(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Various genes have been identified for monogenic disorders resembling Parkinson's disease. The products of some of these genes are associated with mitochondria and have been implicated in cellular protection against oxidative damage. In the present study we analysed fibroblasts from a patient carrying the homozygous mutation p.W437X in(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection induces a state of oxidative stress by affecting mitochondrial-respiratory-chain activity. By using cell lines inducibly expressing different HCV constructs, we showed previously that viral-protein expression leads to severe impairment of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and to major reliance on nonoxidative glucose(More)
Mutations in DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) repair genes are involved in the pathogenesis of hereditary mammary tumors, it is, however, still unclear whether defects in this pathway may play a role in sporadic breast cancer. In this study, we initially determined mRNA expression of 15 DSB related genes by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain(More)
The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) transcriptional system enables cell adaptation to limited O(2) availability, transducing this signal into patho-physiological responses such as angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, vasomotor control, and altered energy metabolism, as well as cell survival decisions. However, other factors beyond hypoxia are known to activate this(More)
Consolidated evidence highlights the importance of redox signalling in poising the balance between self-renewal and differentiation in adult stem cells. The present study shows that human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSCs) constitutively generate low levels of hydrogen peroxide whose production is inhibited by DPI, apocynin, catalase, and LY294002(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown an increased occurrence of metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance (IR) and steatosis in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. IR is believed to represent one of the central clinical features of the "metabolic syndrome" and the major pathogenetic factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus. In patients with(More)
Cells infected by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) are characterized by endoplasmic reticulum stress, deregulation of the calcium homeostasis and unbalance of the oxido-reduction state. In this context, mitochondrial dysfunction proved to be involved and is thought to contribute to the outcome of the HCV-related disease. Here, we propose a temporal sequence of(More)