Cross-sectional data were obtained from 1,342 subjects 6 to 17 years of age and analyzed for the prevalence of (1) specific types of occlusion, and (2) subjective symptoms and clinical signs of TMJ dysfunction. The results, as they pertained to occlusion and clinical signs, were as follows: functional shift was negatively associated with TMJ and muscle… (More)
Online casual games can be used to significantly enhance the productivity of volunteer computing. We call games which perform volunteer computing <i>volunteer computing games.</i> We introduce <i>Wildfire Wally</i>, a volunteer computing game capable of solving the maximum clique problem.
Co-adaptation (or co-evolution), the parallel feedback process by which agents continuously adapt to the changes induced by the adaptive actions of other agents, is a ubiquitous feature of complex adaptive systems, from eco-systems to economies. We wish to understand which general features of complex systems necessarily follow from the (meta)-dynamics of… (More)
The growth of the maxillary complex of 36 rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively during four defined stages of postnatal development (i.e., infant, juvenile, adolescent, young adult). At each stage, growth was observed during a 24 week period. Since some animals were observed during two successive stages of… (More)