Maria Razzoli

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Estrogen (E) regulates a variety of male sociosexual behaviors. We hypothesize that there is a relationship between the distribution of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and the degree of male social behavior. To test this hypothesis, ERalpha immunoreactivity (IR) was compared in prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) from Illinois (IL), which are highly(More)
Ovarian steroids and oxytocin (OT) have been implicated in the regulation of social behaviors. The purpose of the present study was to examine hormonal substrates of aggression and affiliation in the female Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus), a highly social, monogamous rodent. Sexually naive adult females were paired with sexually experienced males(More)
Adverse social environments play a relevant role in the onset and progression of mood disorders. On the other hand, depression is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. This study was aimed at (i) corroborating the validity of a rat model of depression based on a negative social episode followed by social isolation and (ii) verifying its(More)
Long maternal (LMS) versus brief maternal (BMS) daily separations of rat pups from their mothers have contrasting effects on their adult stress responses and maternal behavior by, respectively, decreasing and increasing licking received from their mothers. We hypothesized that LMS decreases pup-licking in mothers by inducing learned helplessness, creating a(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration in rats induces a characteristic syndrome termed 'sickness behavior', including profound changes on locomotor activity and circulating stress and inflammatory mediators. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate whether the behavioral and the peripheral biomarker responses induced by LPS could be modified(More)
Social stress may precipitate psychopathological disorders in susceptible individuals. The present experiments were focused on the biology beyond the differential susceptibility to social stress. Social defeat, an ethologically relevant stressor known to elicit different coping strategies, was used in two mouse strains differing for baseline emotionality,(More)
BACKGROUND Availability of peripheral biomarkers for depression could aid diagnosis and help to predict treatment response. The objective of this work was to analyse the peripheral biomarker response in a gene-environment interaction model of depression. Genetically selected Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats were subjected to maternal separation (MS),(More)
Estrogenic endocrine disruptors, synthetic or naturally occurring substances found in the environment, can interfere with the vertebrate endocrine system and, mimicking estrogens, interact with the neuroendocrine substrates of behavior. Since species vary in their sensitivity to steroids, it is of great interest to widen the range of species included in the(More)
Correspondence: Silvia Bison Neuroscience Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, Medicines Research Centre, Via A Fleming 4, Verona, Italy Tel +39 045 821 8451 Fax +39 045 821 8375 Email Abstract: In animals, systemic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces a characteristic set of responses that has been(More)