Maria Ravanini

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Cancer stem-like cells (CSC) could be a novel target for cancer therapy, including dendritic cell (DC) immunotherapy. To address this, we developed experiments aimed at DC targeting of neurospheres (NS) from GL261 glioma cells because neurospheres can be enriched in CSC. We obtained murine neurospheres by growing GL261 cells in epidermal growth factor/basic(More)
Autoimmune regulator (AIRE) modulates the expression of tissue-restricted antigens (TSAs) and promotes central tolerance in the thymus. However, few autoreactive T cells escape negative selection and reach the periphery, where peripheral tolerance is required to avoid autoimmunity. Murine lymph nodes (LNs) have been shown to contain "stromal" cells(More)
Thymocytes and thymic epithelial cell (TEC) cross-talk is crucial to preserve thymic architecture and function, including maturation of TECs and dendritic cells, and induction of mechanisms of central tolerance. We have analyzed thymic maturation and organization in 9 infants with various genetic defects leading to complete or partial block in T-cell(More)
UNLABELLED We report three novel osteopetrosis patients with OSTM1 mutations and review two that have been previously described. Our analysis suggests that OSTM1 defines a new subset of patients with severe central nervous system involvement. This defect is also present in the gl mouse, which could represent a good model to study the role of the gene in the(More)
Langerhans cells (LC) represent a well characterized subset of dendritic cells located in the epidermis of skin and mucosae. In vivo, they originate from resident and blood-borne precursors in the presence of keratinocyte-derived TGFbeta. In vitro, LC can be generated from monocytes in the presence of GM-CSF, IL-4 and TGFbeta. However, the signals that(More)
Claudin-7 (CLDN-7) is a tight junction protein recently found highly differentially expressed in ovarian carcinoma. To evaluate its potential as a novel biomarker, in this study, we quantified and compared claudin-7 expression at messenger RNA and protein level in 110 patients harboring various histologic types of epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOC). CLDN-7(More)
BACKGROUND Prognostic factors currently available are insufficient to predict the clinical course of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). In a previous microarray study we identified the human trophoblast cell surface antigen Trop-2 as one of the top differentially expressed genes in serous papillary EOCs compared to normal human ovarian surface epithelial(More)
Pilot data showed that adding intratumoral (IT) injection of dendritic cells (DCs) prolongs survival of patients affected by glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treated by subcutaneous (SC) delivery of DCs. Using a murine model resembling GBM, we investigated the immunological mechanisms underlying this effect. C57BL6/N mice received brain injections of GL261(More)
The role of angiogenesis in tumour progression is a major subject in modern oncology and a correlation between angiogenesis and poor outcome has been demonstrated for human neuroblastomas. However, the role of angiogenesis in the maturation phase of neuroblastic tumours has never been considered. Human carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule(More)
Rag enzymes are the main players in V(D)J recombination, the process responsible for rearrangement of TCR and Ig genes. Hypomorphic Rag mutations in humans, which maintain partial V(D)J activity, cause a peculiar SCID associated with autoimmune-like manifestations, Omenn syndrome (OS). Although a deficient ability to sustain thymopoiesis and to produce a(More)