Maria Rachel da Silveira Rohr

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BACKGROUND Patients with liver cirrhosis frequently undergo diagnostic or therapeutic upper GI endoscopy (UGIE), and the liver disease might impair the metabolism of drugs usually administered for sedation. OBJECTIVE AND SETTING To compare sedation with a combination of propofol plus fentanyl and midazolam plus fentanyl in cirrhotic outpatients undergoing(More)
According to the WHO, 16-18 million people in Central and South America are infected by Trypanosoma cruzi. Chagasic achalasia affects between 7.1% and 10.6% of the population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Botox injections in the clinical response and esophageal function of patients with dysphagia due to chagasic achalasia. In total,(More)
Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is endemic worldwide. The proposed treatment is expensive and there are few reports regarding reinfection rates in Brazil. The aim of this study was to compare the eradication rates obtained with two therapeutic options and to evaluate reinfection one year after treatment. This was a prospective randomized trial with 55(More)
CONTEXT Endoscopic mucosal resection is an established modality for excision of sessile lesions in the gastrointestinal tract. Submucosal fluid injection creates a cushion and may prevent thermal injury and perforation. OBJECTIVES This blind study investigated the performance of three different solutions to create submucosal fluid cushions in porcine(More)
BACKGROUND The results of variceal band ligation (VBL) in patients with advanced liver disease are unknown. Cyanoacrylate injection (CI) might have a better outcome than VBL in the treatment of esophageal varices (EV) in these patients. AIM To compare VBL and CI in the treatment of EV in patients with advanced liver disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy has been reported as a risk factor for the transmission of Helicobacter pylori. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of transmission of H. pylori infection by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in patients who had previously had such procedures in a low disinfection level environment. METHODS The(More)
Biliary and pancreatic stents are effective tools in the management of obstructive jaundice (both malignant and benign), pancreatic pseudocyst drainage, and as treatment for biliary and pancreatic fistulae. Unfortunately, stents may become blocked and require replacement in a number of patients. In the present study a blocked stent from a patient with(More)
Endoscopy therapy of pancreatic pseudocyst has been described as an efficient method. We report six cases of pancreatic pseudocyst treated by pancreatic stenting (three cases), cystogastrostomy (three cases) and cystoduodenostomy (one case). Rapid symptomatic improvement and pseudocyst regression were noted in all cases, except one. Such patient needed(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a Gram negative bacteria that colonizes gastric epithelial cells. It has been associated with several gastric disease including chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer. Helicobacter pylori infection diagnosis can be done with invasive and non-invasive methods. In invasive methods an endoscopic gastric mucosa biopsy specimen is used. In our(More)