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Karyotypic and cytogenetic characteristics of Vimba vimba and V. elongata were investigated using differential staining techniques (sequential C-banding, Ag- and CMA3-staining) and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with 28S rDNA probe. The diploid chromosome number in both species was 2n = 50 with 8 pairs of metacentrics, 14 pairs of submetacentrics(More)
Major rDNA loci, i.e. nucleolus-organizing regions (NORs), were assigned using chromomycin-A3 (CMA3) staining followed by sequential silver (Ag) staining and in situ hybridization (ISH) with a rDNA probe to the chromosomes of the European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus), the peled (Coregonus peled) and the vendace (Coregonus albula), three closely related(More)
Variation in heterochromatin content, as revealed by G- and C-banding, was studied in the sex chromosomes of the wood mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus. The sex-chromosome heterochromatin was also characterized by DAPI staining. Variation in sex chromatin was recorded in extremely large (giant) sex chromosomes in certain individuals and populations. In some(More)
The chromosomes of longnose gar, Lepisosteus osseus, an extant representative of early radiation of actinopterygian fishes, were studied using conventional Giemsa-staining, Ag-staining, CMA3-fluorescence and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH). The diploid chromosome number was 2n = 56 and the karyotype contained 11 pairs of metacentric, 6 pairs of(More)
Previous NOR studies with Agand CMA3staining has demonstrated a multichromosomal position of NORs in the karyotypes of Coregonus albula (vendace) [1] and Coregonus lavaretus (European white¢sh) [2]. Chromosome preparations were obtained according to Jankun et al. [3]. The plasmid pB180, which includes a long fragment of the human rDNA transcription unit,(More)
We applied comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) to examine genomes of artificially produced sturgeon hybrids between sterlet, Acipenser ruthenus female (∼120 chromosomes) or Russian sturgeon, A. gueldenstaedtii female (∼240 chromosomes) and a spontaneous triploid Siberian sturgeon A. baerii male (∼360(More)
When surveying the karyotype diversity of European loaches of the genus Cobitis to identify species involved in hybrid polyploid complexes, an extensive polymorphism in number and location of NORs was discovered in C. vardarensis using Ag-staining, C-banding, CMA3-fluorescence and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). This species had 2n = 50, the(More)
The locations and chromosomal characteristics of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sites in the karyotypes of two extant North American species of mudminnows, Umbra pygmaea and U. limi (2n = 22, NF = 44), were analyzed sequentially by conventional Giemsa staining, Ag staining, CMA(3) fluorescence and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The nucleolar organizer(More)
Karyotype and cytogenetic characteristics of European smelt Osmerus eperlanus were investigated using different staining techniques (sequential Ag-, CMA3 and DAPI banding) and PRINS to detect 5S rDNA and telomeric sites. The diploid chromosome number was invariably 2n = 56 and karyotype composed of 5 pairs of metacentrics, 9 pairs of subtelocentrics and 14(More)
The Western Palearctic water frogs Pelophylax ridibundus and P. lessonae were identified as parental (sexual) species and P. esculentus as their interspecific, hybridogenetically reproducing hybrid with hemiclonal heredity. We used genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) to identify parental chromosomes of P.lessonae and P.ridibundus in diploid P. esculentus(More)
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