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The evolution of human cooperation has been the subject of much research, especially within the framework of evolutionary public goods games, where several mechanisms have been proposed to account for persistent cooperation. Yet, in addressing this issue, little attention has been given to games of a more adversarial nature, in which defecting players,(More)
In this paper, we study cooperative control algorithms using pairwise interactions, for the purpose of controlling flocks of unmanned vehicles. An important issue is the role the potential plays in the stability and possible collapse of the group as agent number increases. We model a set of interacting Dubins vehicles with fixed turning angle and speed. We(More)
Enveloped viruses attach to host cells by binding to receptors on the cell surface. For many viruses, entry occurs via membrane fusion after a sufficient number of receptors have engaged ligand proteins on the virion. Under conditions where the cell surface receptor densities are low, recruitment of receptors may be limited by diffusion rather than by(More)
Locusts exhibit two interconvertible behavioral phases, solitarious and gregarious. While solitarious individuals are repelled from other locusts, gregarious insects are attracted to conspecifics and can form large aggregations such as marching hopper bands. Numerous biological experiments at the individual level have shown how crowding biases conversion(More)
We derive the equations that describe adsorption of diffusing particles onto a surface followed by additional surface kinetic steps before being transported across the interface. Multistage surface kinetics occurs during membrane protein insertion, cell signaling, and the infection of cells by virus particles. For example, viral entry into healthy cells is(More)
Containing the spread of crime in urban societies remains a major challenge. Empirical evidence suggests that, if left unchecked, crimes may be recurrent and proliferate. On the other hand, eradicating a culture of crime may be difficult, especially under extreme social circumstances that impair the creation of a shared sense of social responsibility.(More)
While the evolution of cooperation has been widely studied, little attention has been devoted to adversarial settings wherein one actor can directly harm another. Recent theoretical work addresses this issue, introducing an adversarial game in which the emergence of cooperation is heavily reliant on the presence of "Informants," actors who defect at(More)
We propose a model Hamiltonian for charge transfer along the DNA double helix with temperature-driven fluctuations in the base pair positions acting as the rate limiting factor for charge transfer between neighboring base pairs. We compare the predictions of the model with the recent work of Barton and Zewail on the unusual two-stage charge transfer of DNA.
Nucleation and molecular aggregation are important processes in numerous physical and biological systems. In many applications, these processes often take place in confined spaces, involving a finite number of particles. Analogous to treatments of stochastic chemical reactions, we examine the classic problem of homogeneous nucleation and self-assembly by(More)
Cellular cargo can be bound to cytoskeletal filaments by one or more active or passive molecular motors. Recent experiments have shown that the presence of auxiliary, nondriving motors results in an enhanced processivity of the cargo, compared to the case of a single active driving motor alone. We model the observed cooperative transport process using a(More)