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BACKGROUND An international study of the epidemiologic characteristics of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) was established in 1993 and included national registries in France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Slovakia, and the United Kingdom. In 1997, the study was extended to Australia, Austria, Canada, Spain, and Switzerland. METHODS Data were pooled from(More)
Intrathecal antibody production is a hallmark of multiple sclerosis and humoral immunity is thought to play an important role in the inflammatory response and development of demyelinated lesions. The presence of lymphoid follicle-like structures in the cerebral meninges of some multiple sclerosis patients indicates that B-cell maturation can be sustained(More)
A total of 10-15% of human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) or prion diseases are characterised by disease-specific mutations in the prion protein gene (PRNP). We examined the phenotype, distribution, and frequency of genetic TSEs (gTSEs) in different countries/geographical regions. We collected standardised data on gTSEs between 1993 and(More)
A collaborative study of human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies has been carried out from 1993 to 2000 and includes data from 10 national registries, the majority in Western Europe. In this study, we present analyses of predictors of survival in sporadic (n = 2304), iatrogenic (n = 106) and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (n = 86) and in cases(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the incidence and mortality rates of genetic transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) diseases in Italy. METHODS The authors have sequenced the prion protein gene (PRNP) in 643 patients referred to the Italian Registry of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and related disorders between 1993 and 2002. Crude age- and sex-specific(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the usefulness of hypertonic saline solutions (HTS) as an alternative to mannitol in neurosurgery. METHODS Thirty patients subjected to craniotomy for supratentorial cerebral tumors were randomly divided in to three Groups: M: had mannitol 0.5 g.kg-1 as bolus at the start of skin incision, and postoperatively 0.5 g.kg-1 daily three(More)
BACKGROUND The role of high resolution pulsed and color Doppler ultrasound in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant lymphadenopathy is still unclear. METHODS High resolution pulsed and color Doppler ultrasound was used prospectively to investigate superficial lymph node enlargement in 71 patients undergoing surgical biopsy at the onset of(More)
In order to set up a novel and ethologically relevant methodology that could be applied to the study of olfactory capabilities in transgenic mice, we analysed the behavioural responses of sexually mature male and female CD-1 mice individually exposed to a striped millipede, Ommatoiulus sabulosus (L.), a very common myriapod species that secretes a repulsive(More)
AIM Remifentanil hydrochloride is an ultra-short acting m-opioid receptor agonist. This study compared the use of remifentanil with that of fentanyl during elective supratentorial craniotomy in a target controlled infusion (TCI)-propofol anesthesia regimen and evaluated the quality of recovery from anesthesia. METHODS After written informed consent for(More)
Data from a series of 181 patients subjected to long-term follow-up after surgical resection for non-small cell stage I and II lung cancer were analyzed to evaluate the statistical incidence and the prognostic factors of recurrence. The recurrence rate/year was particularly high in the first 2 years after surgery: the 2-year recurrence rate was 35.1% in(More)