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Intrathecal antibody production is a hallmark of multiple sclerosis and humoral immunity is thought to play an important role in the inflammatory response and development of demyelinated lesions. The presence of lymphoid follicle-like structures in the cerebral meninges of some multiple sclerosis patients indicates that B-cell maturation can be sustained(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether attention may be specifically impaired in Alzheimer's disease from the early stages of the disease. Subgroups of patients with different types of mild cognitive impairment were selected according to standard criteria. Patients and controls were given tasks exploring various subcomponents of attention and(More)
In order to set up a novel and ethologically relevant methodology that could be applied to the study of olfactory capabilities in transgenic mice, we analysed the behavioural responses of sexually mature male and female CD-1 mice individually exposed to a striped millipede, Ommatoiulus sabulosus (L.), a very common myriapod species that secretes a repulsive(More)
Object and action naming and comprehension were tested in frontotemporal dementia (frontal variant, FTD), in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in controls. Although lower scores were obtained by all groups, we can confirm that actions were proportionally more impaired in FTD. The correlation between action naming deficit and severity of dementia was stronger in(More)
We examined the influence of prenatal stress on 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 5 mg/kg p.o.) pharmacokinetics in adolescent female SD rats (30 days). Our results indicate that the metabolic rate of MDMA was higher in the prenatal stress group than in the control group. Moreover, MDMA-induced motor alterations were increased in prenatally stressed(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to describe the diagnostic panorama of human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies across 11 countries. METHODS From data collected for surveillance purposes, we describe annual proportions of deaths due to different human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in eleven EUROCJD-consortium countries over(More)
Infant rodents emit ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) when isolated from the mother and littermates. While USVs reportedly promote maternal behavior, their communicatory role is still controversial. We performed a detailed behavioral characterization in 7-day-old CD-1 Swiss mice to describe (a) behavioral patterns accompanying or immediately preceding or(More)
The role of age of acquisition (AoA) and other variables classically supposed to influence lexical semantic tasks is explored in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. A naming test that included living and nonliving items was given to patients and controls. Measures of AoA of the test items were obtained from normal subjects. Living items were acquired earlier(More)
Long-term changes in exploratory, social and agonistic behavior have been reported in rodents following developmental exposure to zidovudine (AZT), an agent commonly administered to pregnant seropositive women and their neonates to prevent HIV-1 transmission. The present study evaluates the effects of either prenatal or prolonged AZT treatment on spatial(More)
In a previous study, mice were found to be repelled by the odour emitted by the millipede (Ommatoiulus sabulosus) as a defensive strategy against predators [Physiol. Behav. 74 (2001) 305-311]. To develop a standardised test for screening olfactory capabilities in rodents, we have characterised the behavioural response displayed by adult male and female CD-1(More)