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BACKGROUND An international study of the epidemiologic characteristics of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) was established in 1993 and included national registries in France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Slovakia, and the United Kingdom. In 1997, the study was extended to Australia, Austria, Canada, Spain, and Switzerland. METHODS Data were pooled from(More)
In order to set up a novel and ethologically relevant methodology that could be applied to the study of olfactory capabilities in transgenic mice, we analysed the behavioural responses of sexually mature male and female CD-1 mice individually exposed to a striped millipede, Ommatoiulus sabulosus (L.), a very common myriapod species that secretes a repulsive(More)
Intrathecal antibody production is a hallmark of multiple sclerosis and humoral immunity is thought to play an important role in the inflammatory response and development of demyelinated lesions. The presence of lymphoid follicle-like structures in the cerebral meninges of some multiple sclerosis patients indicates that B-cell maturation can be sustained(More)
A collaborative study of human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies has been carried out from 1993 to 2000 and includes data from 10 national registries, the majority in Western Europe. In this study, we present analyses of predictors of survival in sporadic (n = 2304), iatrogenic (n = 106) and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (n = 86) and in cases(More)
Object and action naming and comprehension were tested in frontotemporal dementia (frontal variant, FTD), in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in controls. Although lower scores were obtained by all groups, we can confirm that actions were proportionally more impaired in FTD. The correlation between action naming deficit and severity of dementia was stronger in(More)
We examined the influence of prenatal stress on 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 5 mg/kg p.o.) pharmacokinetics in adolescent female SD rats (30 days). Our results indicate that the metabolic rate of MDMA was higher in the prenatal stress group than in the control group. Moreover, MDMA-induced motor alterations were increased in prenatally stressed(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the incidence and mortality rates of genetic transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) diseases in Italy. METHODS The authors have sequenced the prion protein gene (PRNP) in 643 patients referred to the Italian Registry of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and related disorders between 1993 and 2002. Crude age- and sex-specific(More)
Infant rodents emit ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) when isolated from the mother and littermates. While USVs reportedly promote maternal behavior, their communicatory role is still controversial. We performed a detailed behavioral characterization in 7-day-old CD-1 Swiss mice to describe (a) behavioral patterns accompanying or immediately preceding or(More)
The concentration of the cyclooxygenase product prostaglandin E(2) was sixfold higher in CSF samples from 18 cases of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) than in a group of eight subjects with other noninflammatory neurologic diseases, and comparable to those found in a group of six patients affected by diseases with a known inflammatory component. This(More)
Perinatal asphyxia is a major cause of immediate and postponed brain damage in the newborn. It may be responsible for several delayed neurologic disorders and, in this respect, early markers of brain injury would be relevant for therapeutic intervention as well as for identification of infants at high risk for developmental disabilities. Biochemical(More)