Learn More
The natural function of the skin is to protect the body from unwanted influences from the environment. The main barrier of the skin is located in the outermost layer of the skin, the stratum corneum. Since the lipids regions in the stratum corneum form the only continuous structure, substances applied onto the skin always have to pass these regions. For(More)
Culturing of normal human keratinocytes at the air-liquid interface results in the formation of fully differentiated epidermis under in vitro conditions. Although the reconstructed epidermis shows a close resemblance to native tissue, there are still some differences in the stratum corneum lipid profile and intercellular lipid organization. As ceramides(More)
Lamellar ichthyosis is a severe congenital skin disorder characterized by generalized large scales and variable redness. Affected individuals in three families exhibited drastically reduced keratinocyte transglutaminase (TGK) activity. In two of these families, expression of TGK transcripts was diminished or abnormal and no TGK protein was detected.(More)
The present study was undertaken to explore the possibility of the use of cultured human keratinocytes for the study of changes in lipid composition in relation to epidermal differentiation. In a submerged culture system, in which the stratification is incomplete, no significant differences have been found between the lipid composition of cells grown either(More)
Epidermal differentiation is accompanied by profound changes in the synthesis of a variety of intracellular proteins and intercellular lipids. In conventional, submerged culture keratinocytes have been shown to lose the ability to synthesize the protein markers of differentiation. They re-express them, however, when they are cultured in medium supplemented(More)
The main function of the skin is to protect the body against exogenous substances. The skin barrier is located in the outermost layer of the skin, the stratum corneum. This layer consists of keratin enriched cells embedded in lipid lamellae. These lamellae form the main barrier for diffusion of substances through the skin. In diseased skin the barrier(More)
Different epithelia show extensive variation in differentiation. Epidermis and epithelium from the hard palate are both typical examples of orthokeratinized epithelia whereas buccal mucosa is an example of a non-keratinized epithelium. Each of these tissues can be distinguished morphologically and also by the expression of a number of structural proteins.(More)
The primary function of the skin is to protect the body for unwanted influences from the environment. The main barrier of the skin is located in the outermost layer of the skin, the stratum corneum. The stratum corneum consists of corneocytes surrounded by lipid regions. As most drugs applied onto the skin permeate along the lipid domains, the lipid(More)
Our analysis of epidermal lipids revealed that (glucosyl)ceramide profiles in various human skin equivalents are different from those of native tissue. The main difference is the reduced content in skin equivalents of ceramides 4-7 and especially the very low content of the most polar ceramides 6 and 7, which contain hydroxylated sphingoid base and/or fatty(More)
The main barrier of the skin is formed by the lipids in the apical skin layer, the stratum corneum (SC). In SC mainly ceramides (CER), free fatty acids (FFA) and cholesterol (CHOL) are present. The CER are composed of at least six different fractions. CER 1 has an exceptional molecular structure as it contains a linoleic acid linked to a long-chain(More)