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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication in critically ill patients and sepsis is the most common contributing factor. We aimed to determine the risk factors associated with AKI development in patients with septic shock. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Observational cohort study consisted of consecutive(More)
Although mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving intervention for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), it can aggravate or cause lung injury, known as ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). The biophysical characteristics of heterogeneously injured ARDS lungs increase the parenchymal stress associated with breathing, which is(More)
Background. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication of critically ill patients. The impact of different risk factors associated with this entity in the ICU setting is unknown. Objectives. The purpose of this research was to assess the risk factors associated with the development of AKI in critically ill patients by meta-analyses of(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Despite the well recognized role of mechanical ventilation in lung injury, appropriate surrogate markers to guide titration of ventilator settings remain elusive. One would like to strike a balance between protecting aerated units from overdistension while recruiting unstable units, thereby reducing tissue damage associated with their(More)
RATIONALE Wounded alveolus resident cells are identified in human and experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome models. Poloxamer 188 (P188) is an amphiphilic macromolecule shown to have plasma membrane-sealing properties in various cell types. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether P188 (1) protects alveolus resident cells from necrosis and (2) is(More)
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