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The immunohistochemical occurrence of the neurotrophin (NT) proteins nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-4 (NT-4), and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) is shown in the pre-term newborn, infant, and adult human post-mortem cerebellum. The NT-like immunoreactive structures were unevenly distributed and showed regional(More)
The immunohistochemical occurrence of the high affinity neurotrophin (NT) receptors trkA, trkB, and trkC is shown in the pre-term newborn, infant, and adult human post-mortem cerebellum. Immunoreactive neuronal perikarya and processes were observed in all specimens examined, where they appeared unevenly distributed in the cerebellar cortical layers and deep(More)
Using immunohistochemistry, the occurrence and distribution of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) glutamate receptor subunits GluR2/3 is shown in the human trigeminal ganglion and subnucleus caudalis from 20 weeks of gestation to adulthood. In the trigeminal ganglion a subpopulation of GluR2/3-like immunoreactive (LI) primary(More)
Mitochondria are specialized organelles that control energy metabolism and also activate a multiplicity of pathways that modulate cell proliferation and mitochondrial biogenesis or, conversely, promote cell arrest and programmed cell death by a limited number of oxidative or nitrative reactions. Nitric oxide (NO) regulates oxygen uptake by reversible(More)
Bortezomib is the first proteasome inhibitor with significant antineoplastic activity for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma as well as other hematological and solid neoplasms. Peripheral neurological complications manifesting with paresthesias, burning sensations, dysesthesias, numbness, sensory loss, reduced proprioception and vibratory(More)
The occurrence of Ret and GFRalpha-1 receptors is shown by immunohistochemistry in the human trigeminal sensory system at pre-, postnatal and adult age. Receptor-labeled neurons occur in both trigeminal ganglion and mesencephalic nucleus. In adult trigeminal ganglion, about 75% of Ret- and 65% of GFRalpha-1-labeled neurons are small- and medium-sized. The(More)
The immunohistochemical occurrence and localization of the receptor components of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family ligands, the Ret receptor tyrosine kinase and GDNF family receptor (GFR) alpha-1 to -3, is described in the human post-mortem hippocampal formation at pre- and full-term newborn, and adult age. Two different(More)
As a step towards the identification of the neuronal populations responsive to glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in the human nervous system and their changes with age, this study reports on the immunohistochemical localization of the protein GDNF in the autoptic normal human brain stem of pre- and full-term newborns and adult subjects. Two(More)
Occurrence and localization of receptor components of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family ligands, the Ret receptor tyrosine kinase and the GDNF family receptor (GFR) alpha-1 to -3, were examined by immunohistochemistry in the normal human brainstem at fetal, neonatal, and adult age. Immunoreactive elements were detectable at all(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) mRNA-containing neurons were found in normal neonate and adult human hippocampus with a localization pattern consistently similar among different ages. They were numerous in proximal CA1 to CA3 pyramidal layer, granular layer and hilus, and sparse in oriens and molecular layers. The present data provide a(More)