Maria Pikkarainen

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Recent anterograde and retrograde studies in the rat have provided detailed information on the origin and termination of the interconnections between the amygdaloid complex and the hippocampal formation and parahippocampal areas (including areas 35 and 36 of the perirhinal cortex and the postrhinal cortex). The most substantial inputs to the amygdala(More)
Amyloid-β-protein (Aβ) is generally assessed by neuropathologists in diagnostics. This BrainNet Europe ( http://www.brainnet-europe.org/ ) (15 centres and 26 participants) study was carried out to investigate the reliability of such an assessment. In the first part of this trial, tissue microarray sections were stained with the antibody of each centre’s(More)
The amygdaloid complex and hippocampal formation mediate functions involving emotion and memory. To investigate the connections that regulate the interactions between these regions, we injected the anterograde tracer Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin into various divisions of the lateral, basal, and accessory basal nuclei of the rat amygdala. The heaviest(More)
Genetic, clinical, and neuropathologic heterogeneity have been observed in frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin (Ubq)-positive inclusions (FTLD-U) and FTLD-U with motor neuron disease. Here, the distribution and morphologic features of neuronal and glial inclusions in the brains of 20 FTLD-U and 2 FTLD-U/motor neuron disease cases were assessed(More)
Amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide, a cleavage product of the amyloid-beta protein precursor (AbetaPP), has been reported to be detected in the intracellular compartment. Most studies reporting the presence of intracellular Abeta are based on the use of immunohistochemistry. In this study, the presence of AbetaPP and Abeta was assessed by applying(More)
The amygdaloid complex has a key role in the modulation of behavioral responses in life-threatening situations, including the direction of attentional responses to sensory stimuli. The pathways from the amygdala to the basal forebrain cholinergic system, which projects to the cortex, are proposed to contribute to the modulation. To further explore the(More)
The amygdala orchestrates the formation of behavioral responses to emotionally arousing stimuli. Many of these responses are initiated by the central nucleus, which converges information from other amygdaloid nuclei. Recently, we observed substantial projections from the amygdala to the amygdalostriatal transition area, which is located dorsal to the(More)
β-Amyloid (Aβ) related pathology shows a range of lesions which differ both qualitatively and quantitatively. Pathologists, to date, mainly focused on the assessment of both of these aspects but attempts to correlate the findings with clinical phenotypes are not convincing. It has been recently proposed in the same way as ι and α synuclein related lesions,(More)
The projections from the amygdaloid complex to the hippocampus and surrounding cortex have a critical role in the formation of memories for emotionally arousing stimuli and in the spread of epileptic seizures. The present study investigated the organization of amygdaloid projections to the perirhinal and postrhinal cortices by injecting the anterograde(More)
The claustrum and the endopiriform nucleus contribute to the spread of epileptiform activity from the amygdala to other brain areas. Data of the distribution of pathways underlying the information flow between these regions are, however, incomplete and controversial. To investigate the projections from the amygdala to the claustrum and the endopiriform(More)