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This document summarises the conclusions of a European Respiratory Society Task Force on the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in childhood and refers to children aged 2-18 years. Prospective cohort studies describing the natural history of SDB or randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials regarding its(More)
To evaluate the clinical usefulness and tolerability of an oral jaw-positioning appliance in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children, we studied 32 patients (mean age, 7.1 +/- 2.6 yr; 20 males) with symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, malocclusion, and a baseline apnea index > 1 event/h. A group of 19 subjects was randomly assigned to(More)
The few reports that have been published on the current International Classification of Headache Disorders, Second Edition (ICHD-II), criteria for migralepsy and hemicrania epileptica have highlighted the considerable confusion regarding this "hot topic" within both headache and epilepsy classifications (ICHD-II and International League Against Epilepsy(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the ictal polysomnographic features of a patient with Panayiotopoulos syndrome, a peculiar epileptic syndrome characterized by infrequent, often single, prolonged, nocturnal, focal seizures comprising an unusual constellation of autonomic symptoms (malaise, nausea, pallor, tachycardia, vomiting) and unilateral deviation of the eyes at(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in the asthmatic child is associated with persistent airway inflammation and poor disease control. EIB could arise partly from airway oxidative stress. Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) levels of 8-isoprostane (IsoP), which is a known marker of oxidative stress, might therefore be helpful for monitoring(More)
Numerous studies indicate that low-level lead poisoning causes mild mental retardation and low IQ scores in children. The general mean lead intake in the adult European population corresponds to a reassuring 14% (0.5-56%) of the tolerable daily intake: at this low level of exposure only few children (less than 10%) have blood lead levels (PbB) higher than(More)
We investigated whether children affected by tension-type headache and migraine without aura, compared with a healthy control group that was matched by age, culturally and socioeconomically display a diverse intellectual functioning and have a separate "cognitive profile". A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2006 to November 2008 at "Sapienza(More)
We describe an obese child with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in whom nocturnal frontal lobe seizures developed within a week after therapy was started with continuous positive airway pressure. The video polysomnographic study after the onset of nocturnal episodes showed 3 seizures: 2 starting from slow-wave sleep when he was sleeping with(More)
An autoimmune hypothesis has been suggested for several disorders in childhood. The aim of the study was to clarify the role of the cerebellum in ADHD and to evaluate the possible association between anti-Yo antibodies and ADHD. The presence/absence of antibodies was tested by indirect immunofluorescence assay on 30 combined subtype ADHD children, on 19(More)
IMPORTANCE Although polysomnographic (PSG) testing is the gold standard for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children, the number of pediatric sleep laboratories is limited. Developing new screening methods for identifying OSAS may reduce the need for PSG testing. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the combined use of the sleep clinical(More)