Maria Pia Villa

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This document summarises the conclusions of a European Respiratory Society Task Force on the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in childhood and refers to children aged 2-18 years. Prospective cohort studies describing the natural history of SDB or randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials regarding its(More)
To evaluate the clinical usefulness and tolerability of an oral jaw-positioning appliance in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children, we studied 32 patients (mean age, 7.1 +/- 2.6 yr; 20 males) with symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, malocclusion, and a baseline apnea index > 1 event/h. A group of 19 subjects was randomly assigned to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess short- and long-term effects of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on nasal flow in young children. Since RME has been reported to positively influence nasal obstruction in subjects with respiratory problems by reducing nasal resistance, a similar efficacy of RME could be expected in children with deciduous and/or mixed dentition who are(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the ictal polysomnographic features of a patient with Panayiotopoulos syndrome, a peculiar epileptic syndrome characterized by infrequent, often single, prolonged, nocturnal, focal seizures comprising an unusual constellation of autonomic symptoms (malaise, nausea, pallor, tachycardia, vomiting) and unilateral deviation of the eyes at(More)
An autoimmune hypothesis has been suggested for several disorders in childhood. The aim of the study was to clarify the role of the cerebellum in ADHD and to evaluate the possible association between anti-Yo antibodies and ADHD. The presence/absence of antibodies was tested by indirect immunofluorescence assay on 30 combined subtype ADHD children, on 19(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the outcome of rapid maxillary expansion in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children, we studied 16 patients (mean age 6.6+/-2.0; 9 males) with dental malocclusion, a body mass index < or =85 percentile, and OSAS confirmed by polysomnography. METHODS At baseline and after the trial, all patients underwent(More)
AIM Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a common problem in children. It is characterised by a combination of partial airway obstruction associated with hypoxemia and hypoventilation and intermittent obstructive apnoea, which disrupts normal ventilation and sleep. The aim of the study was to evaluate the craniofacial features of preschool children(More)
 Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from children aged 3–5 years in central Italy who were attending day-care centres or hospital outpatient clinics. One hundred and twenty-one strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated were tested for susceptibility to penicillin, cefotaxime, erythromycin, clindamycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol and cotrimoxazole. A(More)
IMPORTANCE Although polysomnographic (PSG) testing is the gold standard for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children, the number of pediatric sleep laboratories is limited. Developing new screening methods for identifying OSAS may reduce the need for PSG testing. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the combined use of the sleep clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Increased intestinal permeability seems to play a major role in non-alcoholic liver disease development and progression. AIM To investigate the prevalence of altered intestinal permeability in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and to study its potential association with the stage of liver disease. METHODS We performed a(More)