Maria Pia Moretti

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OBJECTIVE To assess whether a systematic approach to weaning and extubation (intervention) is superior to the sole physician's judgment (control) in preventing reintubation secondary to extubation failure in patients with neurologic disorders. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Intensive care unit of a large teaching hospital. PATIENTS Three(More)
We explored the pulmonary effects of continuous mechanical ventilation (MV) at a peak inspiratory pressure of 50 cm H2O in healthy, paralyzed, and anesthetized adult sheep during a period of 48 h. The 9 control sheep (Group A) were ventilated with 40% oxygen at a tidal volume of about 10 ml/kg and a peak inspiratory pressure of 15 to 20 cm H2O. All these(More)
INTRODUCTION The feasibility and utility of a lung donor score that has been recently proposed was tested among a pool of lung donors referred to the Nord Italia Transplant program (NITp) organ procurement organization. MATERIAL AND METHODS Each lung donor was assigned an Oto score including, age, smoking history, chest X-ray, secretions and ratio of(More)
The pulmonary effects of hyperventilation following infusion of sodium salicylate into the cisterna magna was studied in 16 spontaneously breathing adult sheep. We found a fall in PaO2, a decrease in the static compliance of the respiratory system, abnormal chest roentgenographic films, and grossly abnormal lungs following 3.5 to 13 h of hyperventilation. A(More)
In this study we analyzed the role of CCL2, a member of the chemokine family, in early graft damage. Using simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation (SPK) as a model, we showed that brain death significantly increases circulating CCL2 levels in humans. We found that in such situations, high donor CCL2 levels (measured before organ recovery and at the(More)
The need to predict the rank of difficulty of tracheal intubation is of paramount importance in anaesthesia as has been well documented in numerous studies. We assessed the use of the Mallampati scale as possible predictive indicator of difficult tracheal intubation in a study conducted on 700 patients. The rank of difficulty determined during the(More)
The use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA), using groin cannulation with the chest closed (CCDHCA), has improved the surgical treatment of large and giant cerebral aneurysms. Twelve consecutive ASA I-II patients (10 women and 2 men), with a mean age of 35 years (range 14 to 55 y) underwent DHCA for clipping or trapping of their aneurysm (giant,(More)
In a double-blind trial, 60 patients with biliary colic were allocated at random to receive 200 mg ketoprofen, 1.8 g lysine acetylsalicylate or placebo by intravenous bolus. The patients were asked to rate their pain at intervals within 3 hours of injection and to indicate their overall pain experience on a visual analogue scale. Both ketoprofen and lysine(More)