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The panel of serologic markers for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is rapidly expanding. Although anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) and atypical perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (P-ANCA) remain the most widely investigated, an increasing amount of experimental data is available on newly discovered antibodies directed against(More)
BACKGROUND:Antibodies to Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) (ASCA) and porin protein-C of Escherichia coli (anti-OmpC) are associated with disease phenotype and may be of diagnostic importance in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Our aim was to determine whether a panel of new antibodies against bacterial proteins and carbohydrates could help(More)
BACKGROUND In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), enhanced inflammatory activity in the gut is thought to increase the risk of bacterial translocation and endotoxemia. In the present study we investigated the association between serum level of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), soluble CD14 (sCD14), and clinical disease activity, high-sensitivity(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial infections are common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis. The early diagnosis of these infections is rather difficult. AIMS To assess the accuracy of acute phase proteins in the identification of bacterial infections. METHODS Concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT),(More)
We studied the effect of MPTP on sleep-wakefulness cycle in cats. Five mg/kg n-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) was administered i.p. for 5 consecutive days. Electrocorticographic, electrooculographic and electromyographic recordings were performed before (5 days), during (5 days) and after (14 days) the treatment. Total selective(More)
The angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril has been shown to inhibit fibrogenesis in the lung, but the mechanisms underlying this action are unclear. Apoptosis of lung epithelial cells is believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. For these reasons, we studied the effect of captopril on Fas-induced apoptosis in a human(More)
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) is a traditional nonspecific marker of inflammation, with Crohn's disease (CD) being associated with a strong CRP response. Thus far, no clear cutoff values have been determined. The authors' aim was to investigate whether high-sensitivity (hs)-CRP is useful for the identification disease phenotype, active disease, and(More)
BACKGROUND North American and European genome-wide association scans have identified ATG16L1 and IL23R as novel inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) susceptibility genes and subsequent reports confirmed these findings in large independent populations. The aims of this study were to investigate the association and examine genotype-phenotype relationships in a(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Biosimilar infliximab CT-P13 is approved for all indications of the originator product in Europe. Prospective data on its efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity in inflammatory bowel diseases are lacking. METHODS A prospective, nationwide, multicentre, observational cohort was designed to examine the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity(More)
At diagnosis, the clinical presentation of both entities of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), can be highly heterogeneous, leading to a delay in correct identification or differentiation between CD and UC in a subgroup of patients. In addition, the natural history of IBD patients is strikingly variable.(More)