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Neurothelin/HT7, a transmembrane glycoprotein of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is a marker of blood–brain barrier (BBB)-forming endothelial cells. We have studied the expression of neurothelin in tumors grown on the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of chick embryos. We inoculated each 3–5×106 rat C6 glioma, rat 10AS pancreatic carcinoma, human A375(More)
Prox1 is a transcription factor with two highly conserved domains, a homeobox and a prospero domain. It has been shown that Prox1 knock-out mice die during early embryonic stages and display a rudimentary liver. We have studied the expression of Prox1 at RNA and protein levels in chick, rat, mouse and human liver and in transformed and non-transformed(More)
The lymphatic endothelium has mostly been thought to be derived by sprouting from specialized veins. Recently it has been shown that mice deficient for the homeobox transcription factor Prox1 are practically devoid of lymphatics. We have studied the expression of Prox1 mRNA and protein in chick embryos and human fetuses. In the chick, Prox1 is expressed in(More)
The ephrins and their Eph receptors comprise the largest family of receptor tyrosine kinases. Studies on mice have revealed an important function of ephrin-B2 and Eph-B4 for the development of the arterial and venous vasculature, respectively, but the mechanisms regulating their expression have not been studied yet. We have cloned a chick ephrin-B2 cDNA(More)
The lymphatics of the intestinal organs have important functions in transporting chyle toward the jugulosubclavian junction, but the lymphangiogenic potential of the splanchnic mesoderm has not yet been tested. Therefore, we studied the allantoic bud of chick and quail embryos. It is made up of endoderm and splanchnic mesoderm and fuses with the chorion to(More)
The aim of this study was to analyse the changes of Prospero-related homeobox 1 (Prox1) gene expression in rat liver under different experimental conditions of liver injury, regeneration and acute phase reaction, and to correlate it with that of markers for hepatoblasts, hepatocytes, cholangiocytes and oval cells. Gene expression was studied at RNA level by(More)
Neuroblastoma is the most frequent solid childhood malignancy. Despite aggressive therapy, mortality is high due to rapid tumor progression to advanced stages. The molecules and mechanisms underlying poor prognosis are not well understood. Here, we report that cultured human neuroblastoma cells express the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor(More)
It has recently been shown that there are lymphangioblasts in the early avian wing bud, but fate map studies on the origin of these cells have not yet been performed. The lymphatics in the wings of 10-day-old chick and quail embryos are characterized by both the position along with all major blood vascular routes and by the Vascular Endothelial Growth(More)
Detection of lymphatic endothelal cells (LECs) has been problematic because of the lack of specific markers. The homeobox transcription factor Prox1 is expressed in LECs of murine and avian embryos. We have studied expression of Prox1 in human tissues with immunofluorescence. In 19-wk-old human fetuses, Prox1 and vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
The earliest signs of the lymphatic vascular system are the lymph sacs, which develop adjacent to specific embryonic veins. It has been suggested that sprouts from the lymph sacs form the complete lymphatic vascular system. We have studied the origin of the jugular lymph sacs (JLS), the dermal lymphatics and the lymph hearts of avian embryos. In day 6.5(More)