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Oral administration of DSS has been reported to induce an acute and chronic colitis in mice. The aim of our study was to evaluate if the chronic phase of DSS-induced colitis was characterized by a Th1/Th2 response and how this would relate to mucosal regeneration. Swiss Webster mice were fed 5% DSS in their drinking water for 7 days, followed by 2-5 weeks(More)
The influx of monocytes and neutrophils into the inflamed tissue could be an important aspect in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). A membrane protein involved in the monocyte/neutrophil adherence to endothelium is CD11b/CD18 or alpha M beta 2 (complement receptor type 3 = CR3). In the present study the role of CD11b/CD18 in experimental(More)
In rodents, intracolonic administration of ethanol 30% induces an acute colitis, while administration of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid (TNBS) in ethanol induces a longer lasting colitis. In the acute and chronic stages of experimental colitis, lymphoid and non-lymphoid cells were studied in the colon by immunohistochemistry. During the acute(More)
Glucocorticosteroids (GCS) are effective in treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but also have unwanted systemic side effects. Here, we describe the effects of budesonide and dexamethasone on acute experimental colitis and on T cells in thymus and spleen, as well as the effect of budesonide treatment on relapsing colitis. Acute colitis was induced(More)
One of the major advances in the understanding of inflammatory bowel disease has been the observation that mice with immunoregulatory defects, such as interleukin-2 knockout (IL-2 -/-) mice, develop spontaneous gut inflammation. Here we have characterized the immune response in the ileum, caecum and colon of these mice before and after the onset of colitis(More)
Glutamate and gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) have been implicated in neuronal plasticity related to behavioral sensitization. In the present study, we examined morphine-induced changes in the extracellular concentrations of glutamate and GABA in the ventral tegmental area in alcohol-preferring Alko Alcohol (AA) and alcohol-avoiding Alko Non-Alcohol (ANA)(More)
CD4+ T cells play an important role in the aetiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but it is not clear which factor(s) cause activation of these cells. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of adoptive transfer of splenic (CD4+) T cells from TNBS/ethanol-sensitized donor rats to naive recipients and the migration pattern of transferred T(More)
Emigration of leukocytes from the circulation into tissue by transendothelial migration, is mediated subsequently by adhesion molecules such as selectins, chemokines and integrins. This multistep paradigm, with multiple molecular choices at each step, provides a diversity in signals. The influx of neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes into inflamed tissue(More)
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