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Ghrelin is an acyl-peptide gastric hormone acting on the pituitary and hypothalamus to stimulate growth hormone (GH) release, adiposity, and appetite. Ghrelin endocrine activities are entirely dependent on its acylation and are mediated by GH secretagogue (GHS) receptor (GHSR)-1a, a G protein-coupled receptor mostly expressed in the pituitary and(More)
The human c-MET oncogene encodes a transmembrane tyrosine kinase (p190c-met) with structural and functional features of a growth-factor receptor. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have been used to investigate the distribution of the c-Met protein in human normal and neoplastic tissues. By immunofluorescence microscopy homogeneous expression was detected in(More)
Protein tyrosine kinases are crucially involved in the control of cell proliferation. Therefore, the regulation of their activity in both normal and neoplastic cells has been under intense scrutiny. The product of the MET oncogene is a transmembrane receptorlike tyrosine kinase with a unique disulfide-linked heterodimeric structure. Here we show that the(More)
The receptor for the growth and motility factor, hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF), is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase encoded by the MET oncogene. Previous work has shown that receptor phosphorylation on tyrosine is critical for both kinase activation and association with intracellular signal transducers. In this paper, we report that a(More)
The MET proto-oncogene encodes a transmembrane tyrosine kinase of 190 kDa (p190MET), which has recently been identified as the receptor for hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor. p190MET is a heterodimer composed of two disulfide-linked chains of 50 kDa (p50 alpha) and 145 kDa (p145 beta). We have produced four different monoclonal antibodies that are(More)
Recent studies have documented the presence of stem cells within the myocardium and their role in the repair of ischaemic injury. Nevertheless, the pathogenic role of stem cells in non-ischaemic myocardial diseases, as well as the factors potentially responsible for their activation, is still under debate. The present study demonstrates the presence of an(More)
Nanosized carbonate-hydroxyapatite represents a suitable material for bone substitution and delivery of biomolecules. Its interaction with serum proteins plays a central role in the process of implantation of a device. Herein, surface interactions of human (HSA) and bovine (BSA) serum albumin with two biomimetic carbonate-hydroxyapatites (CHA) differing for(More)
Electrical stimulation (ES) of cells has been shown to induce a variety of responses, such as cytoskeleton rearrangements, migration, proliferation, and differentiation. In this study, we have investigated whether monophasic and biphasic pulsed ES could exert any effect on the proliferation and differentiation of human cardiac progenitor cells (hCPCs)(More)
Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) receptor, encoded by the protooncogene c-met, is overexpressed in many human tumours, including those of thyroid epithelium. The absence in most cases of any primary structural abnormality of the met gene suggests that overexpression is secondary to mutation of other gene(s). To test this hypothesis we investigated the effect(More)
Tissue distribution of dendritic cells was investigated in eight cases of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid using immunohistochemistry. Most dendritic cells had an immature phenotype (CD1a++, CD11c+, CD40+, CD86-, HLA-DR-) and were located at the invasion edge of the tumor. This pattern of distribution was profoundly different from that of CD68+(More)