Maria N Ballarin

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Afferent cholinergic pathways from the basal forebrain were activated by injections of the glutamate analog quisqualate either into the nucleus basalis or into the medial septal nucleus. Nucleus basalis injections had no effect on the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA in its neocortical projection areas as measured by in situ(More)
Adenosine has been shown to inhibit dopamine release from striatal slices and synaptosomes. Recently, a direct interaction between the adenosine A2 receptor and dopamine D2 receptor has been provided. Activation of striatal adenosine A1 receptors is known to partially inhibit the release of dopamine (DA), but some aspects of this mechanism remain unclear.(More)
Adenosine, inosine, hypoxanthine and guanosine were measured in perfusates collected from the right and left striatum of halothane-anaesthetized naive and 6-hydroxydopamine-denervated rats by using microdialysis. Samples were taken under basal and KCl-stimulated conditions. Dopamine, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA) and(More)
The activation of neocortical glutamatergic neuronal afferents to the hippocampus as well as direct pharmacologic non-NMDA receptor activation within the hippocampus was shown to result in a dramatic increase in BDNF mRNA expression in granule cells of the dentate gyrus and throughout the pyramidal layer, especially in CA1. Less pronounced effects were also(More)
The density and distribution of dopamine D1 and D2 receptors visualized by in vitro autoradiography were investigated in adult and senescent BL C57 mice. A significant decrease was observed in regions of the basal ganglia of senescent animals, which was more pronounced for the D1 subtype. Chronic treatment with cinnarizine, an organic Ca2+ channel(More)
The purpose of this work was to describe the basic statistical properties of the process of production of movements measured with a wrist actimeter, along a complete sleep period in normal human subjects. Two distinct types of random magnitudes were considered to analyze the data, the times between successive groups of movements and the number of movements(More)
The hippocampus contains the highest number of glucocorticoid-sensitive neurons in the rat brain and excessive exposure to glucocorticoids can cause damage to hippocampal neurons and impair the capacity of the hippocampus to survive neuronal insults. In this study in situ hybridization combined with quantitative image analysis was used to study(More)
In order to obtain further insight into the interactions between the purinergic and dopaminergic pathways in the striatum, we studied both metabolisms simultaneously, using a microdialysis technique in 1-methyl-1,4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) unilaterally-denervated conscious rats. In these rats the contralateral side was used as control. The perfusates(More)
BACKGROUND Osteopontin (OPN) is a plasma protein/cytokine produced in excess in several malignancies. In a recent study OPN was reported as being related to the duration of asbestos exposure and presence of benign asbestos-related diseases; however, it was unclear whether this protein was an indicator of exposure or effect. METHODS In 193 workers, 50 with(More)
The effect of the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) on D1 and D2 dopamine receptors was assayed using in vitro quantitative autoradiography. D1 receptor subtype was labeled using 1 nM of 3H-SCH 23390 and D2 receptor subtype was labeled using 0.4 nM of 3H-spiroperidol. The results are compared to the effect of MPTP on the(More)
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