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Condensed Y chromosomes in Rumex acetosa L. root-tip nuclei were studied using 5-azaC treatment and immunohistochemical detection of methylated histones. Although Y chromosomes were decondensed within root meristem in vivo, they became condensed and heteropycnotic in roots cultured in vitro. 5-azacytidine (5-azaC) treatment of cultured roots caused(More)
Ethanol extract of propolis (EEP), a natural beehive product, has been known for centuries for a variety of beneficial traditional medical properties, among which an anti-inflammatory effect is a major one. Now that most of its components have been isolated and recently identified, we tested 19 of them (all phenolic compounds) for their degree of(More)
HPLC coupled to a mass spectrometer (MS) was used for the analysis of galanthamine and lycorine in natural extracts of Leucojum aestivum and in their in vitro cultures grown with a precursor (ACC), inhibitors (AgNO(3), STS), or an absorber (KMnO(4)) of ethylene. The maximum galanthamine (0.002%) and lycorine (0.02%) concentrations in tissue cultures were(More)
Vigor and selected physiological parameters (content of phenolic compounds, soluble sugars, chlorophyll a and b, and carotenoids) of eight naked and two husked oat cultivars harvested at 15% moisture content were determined. Oat seeds were threshed using two rotational speeds of the threshing drum: 1.6 m s−1 (LS) and 2.4 m s−1 (HS). They were then(More)
This paper reports a continuation of our previous research on the phytochelatin synthase1 (PCS1) gene involved in binding and sequestration of heavy metals or metalloids in plant cells. Construction of a 3D structure of the Arabidopsis thaliana PCS1 protein and prediction of gene function by employing iterative implementation of the threading assembly(More)
Previously, our in silico analyses identified four candidate genes that might be involved in uptake and/or accumulation of arsenics in plants: arsenate reductase 2 (ACR2), phytochelatin synthase 1 (PCS1) and two multi-drug resistant proteins (MRP1 and MRP2) [Lund et al. (2010) J Biol Syst 18:223-224]. We also postulated that one of these four genes, ACR2,(More)
Mechanical damage to seeds occurring during harvesting and threshing, especially in naked cultivars, is one of the main factors decreasing the size and quality of yield. The objective of this study was to assess the susceptibility of naked oat cultivars to mechanical damage, considering the biometric parameters of seeds determined on the basis of computer(More)
According to the syntactic bootstrapping hypothesis, language learners use structural cues in the linguistic context to infer the meaning of novel words. Many studies support this hypothesis by showing that structure knowledge facilitates learning new words in a familiar language, but few have investigated the concurrent acquisition of word meaning and(More)
The success of a new CPV prototype depends on modules quality and assembly compliance with existing Standards, such as IEC 62108, 62670, 62787, and others still under development/approval for performance evaluation. The overall CPV system reliability is based on the quality of the subcomponents such as the optics, the cells, the electronics and the assembly(More)
ii iii Introduction This collection of short papers is devoted to the treatment of a number of morphological issues in Functional Discourse Grammar (FDG). The first three contributions are concerned with the characterization of morphological types in terms of the interaction between the pragmatic and semantic components on the one hand and the(More)