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The microflora of 25 wheat sourdoughs from the Apulia region, Southern Italy, was characterized. The sourdoughs were mainly produced from Triticum durum wheat. The number of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts ranged from ca. log 7.5 to log 9.3 colony forming units (cfu)/g and from log 5.5 to log 8.4 cfu/g, respectively. About 38% of the 317 isolates of lactic(More)
A bacterium isolated from patulin-contaminated apples was capable of degrading patulin to a less-toxic compound, ascladiol. The bacterium was identified as Gluconobacter oxydans by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, whereas ascladiol was identified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance. Degradation of up(More)
Artisanal and industrial sausages were analyzed for their aerobic, heat-resistant microflora to assess whether new emerging pathogens could be present among Bacillus strains naturally contaminating cured meat products. Sixty-four isolates were characterized by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR and fluorescent amplified fragment length(More)
The natural Lactobacillus community involved in traditional Mozzarella cheese production has been investigated. The bacterial associations of whey, curd before stretching and Mozzarella were analyzed using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) to follow growth kinetics, and 16S rDNA sequencing to identify the taxonomical position of isolated strains.(More)
The loss of microbial biodiversity due to the increase in large-scale industrial processes led to the study of the natural microflora present in a typical little known dairy product. The community of lactobacilli was studied in order to understand the natural fermentation of Ricotta forte cheese. The combined use of RAPD analysis, 16S rDNA sequencing and(More)
A method for isolating potential probiotic lactobacilli directly from traditional milk-based foods was developed. The novel digestion/enrichment protocol was set up taking care to minimize the protective effect of milk proteins and fats and was validated testing three commercial fermented milks containing well-known probiotic Lactobacillus strains. Only(More)
An extensive use of Weissella (W.) confusa is currently being made for the production of a variety of fermented foods and beverages although some strains of this species have emerged as opportunistic pathogens for humans and animals. Nevertheless, no rapid methods are available for the reliable identification of W. confusa. We developed a novel PCR using(More)
The main aim of this work was the identification of genetic determinants involved in bacteriocin production by strain ITM317 of Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi, besides bacteriocin characterization. The bacteriocin was observed to be a heat-sensitive, high molecular weight proteinaceous compound. We identified a transposon (Tn5)-induced mutant which(More)
ABSTRACT The virulence of Pseudomonas syringae subsp. savastanoi, which causes hyperplastic symptoms (knots) on olive plants, is associated with secreted phytohormones. We identified a Tn5-induced mutant of P. syringae subsp. savastanoi that did not cause disease symptoms on olive plants although it was still able to produce phytohormones. In addition, the(More)
Drosophila melanogaster tissues carrying a third chromosome with the deletion Df(3R)Kar(D2) make a 40,000-dalton (Dal) heat shock protein not made by wild type. The unusual polypeptide was inducible in every tissue examined. Tryptic peptide fingerprints showed it to include part of the 70,000-Dal major heat shock protein. Mapping experiments placed the(More)