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Thirty-four-week-old laying hens received injections of recombinant chicken leptin to assess the role of leptin in avian ovarian function. In the first experiment, the hens (n=60) were divided into three groups: (i). fed ad libitum; (ii). fasted; and (iii). fasted + leptin. Hens were fasted for 5 days and those treated with leptin received 250 microg leptin(More)
The rate of phytate P removal from feed (level of dephosphorylation, DL) and the extent to which the molecule of phytic acid is deprived of phosphate moieties (conversion degree, CD) were studied in vitro and in a feeding trial with broilers fed corn-soybean diets. In the in vitro model, phytase A asymptotically increased DL and CD. Phytase B influenced DL(More)
The article summarizes results of studies concerning: 1/ qualitative evaluation of pig nuclear donor cells to somatic cell cloning, 2/ developmental potency of sheep somatic cells to create chimera, 3/ efficient production of chicken chimera. The quality of nuclear donor cells is one of the most important factors to determine the efficiency of somatic cell(More)
This study was undertaken to determine histamine concentration in chicken oviductal parts (infundibulum, magnum, isthmus and shell gland) in relation to the egg location within the oviduct and ovulation. The experiment was performed on Hisex Brown laying hens with regular sequences of at least four eggs. Ovulation occurred within 5-15 min of oviposition of(More)
Explants of human placental tissue harvested immediately after expulsion were used to determine differences between accumulation of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD)-polychlorinated dibenzo-p-furans (PCDF) environmental mixture, and their influence on placental steroidogenesis. Explants were cultured in(More)
The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of recombinant chicken leptin administered to fed ad libitum and feed-restricted immature chickens of a layer strain on ovarian development and the timing of sexual maturity. In the first experiment 11-week-old pullets (77 days of age) fed ad libitum were injected daily with leptin at four dose levels(More)
Phytase B, a product of Aspergillus niger phyB gene expressed in Trichoderma reesei, which increased myo-inositol concentrations in 20 mM sodium phytate solution 7.5-fold during 120-min incubation, a combination of phytase B with 6-phytase A, and pure myo-inositol were tested as feed supplements in Bovans Brown laying hens. In the 2-factorial experiment(More)
The study was performed to determine the hormonal status of mature germline chimeras obtained by blastodermal cell transfer from chicken embryos of a donor breed [Green-legged Partridgelike breed (GP) x Araucana (AR)] to those of a recipient breed [White Leghorn (WL)] being at the same stage of embryonic development. The egg-laying chimeras and WL hens(More)
This study was undertaken to examine the effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment during pause in laying on (1) the concentration of steroids in blood plasma and oviduct tissues, (2) the expression of mRNA of steroid receptors, and (3) the mRNA expression of selected egg-specific proteins in the chicken oviduct. A pause in egg laying was induced by food(More)